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Home » Taiwan : A Thorough Travel Guide to the Island Nation

Taiwan : A Thorough Travel Guide to the Island Nation

Taiwan, an island nation graced with a rich tapestry of experiences, seamlessly blends the ancient and the modern. From the neon-lit streets of Taipei brimming with culinary delights and historic temples to the untouched beauty of Taroko Gorge and serene Sun Moon Lake, Taiwan offers a diverse palette of adventures. Its blend of Chinese, Japanese, and indigenous cultures manifests in vibrant festivals, traditional tea ceremonies, and intricate architecture. The warmth of its people, the variety of its landscapes, and its deep-rooted traditions juxtaposed with contemporary innovation make Taiwan a captivating destination for travelers seeking a holistic journey

Why Visit Taiwan?

A Fusion of Cultures

Taiwan stands as a crossroad of cultures, where influences from China, Japan, and its indigenous tribes come together in harmony. This fusion is evident in its architectural designs, festivals, and daily customs. Temples such as the Lungshan Temple in Taipei or the Confucian Temple in Tainan narrate stories of faith and tradition. Meanwhile, Japanese-era buildings like the Beitou Hot Spring Museum offer a glimpse into Taiwan’s diverse colonial past.

Vibrant Urban Landscapes

Taipei, the capital, is a bustling metropolis that combines the old and new. The skyline is dominated by the Taipei 101, once the world’s tallest building, juxtaposed with age-old temples and markets. Cities like Kaohsiung and Taichung, though modern, are peppered with parks, art installations, and remnants of their historical selves, offering travelers a multifaceted urban experience.

Untouched Natural Beauty

Beyond the cities, Taiwan’s landscape transforms dramatically. The breathtaking Taroko Gorge with its marble cliffs, the serene Sun Moon Lake, and the scenic beauty of Alishan’s forest railway provide a stark contrast to urban life. The island’s eastern coast, with its rugged cliffs and azure waters, offers a tranquil retreat away from the bustle.

A Gastronomic Paradise

Taiwanese cuisine is a celebration of flavors. Night markets in every city become a hotspot for food enthusiasts, offering delicacies like beef noodle soup, stinky tofu, and bubble tea. Traditional dishes, influenced by various cultures, combined with innovative modern creations, make Taiwan a culinary haven.

Rich Traditional Arts and Craftsmanship

From the traditional glove puppetry shows and Peking opera performances to the intricate art of tea-making and bamboo craftsmanship, Taiwan’s arts reflect its rich cultural heritage. Exploring local workshops or attending traditional performances provides a unique insight into the heart of Taiwanese culture.

Taiwan, with its blend of nature, culture, history, and modernity, promises an enriching journey for every traveler, making it a must-visit destination in East Asia.

Taiwan’s Vibrant Cities


As the pulsating heart of Taiwan, Taipei melds historical charm with urban sophistication. The iconic Taipei 101 towers over the city, once holding the title of the world’s tallest building. But beneath its towering skyscrapers, the city thrives with bustling night markets like Shilin and Raohe, where street food vendors offer a taste of Taiwan’s rich culinary culture. Ancient temples such as the Longshan Temple coexist with modern structures, showcasing the city’s harmonious blend of old and new.


Taiwan’s maritime gateway, Kaohsiung, impresses with its vast harbor and the mesmerizing Lotus Pond, dotted with temples and pagodas. The city’s modern side shines through the Pop Music Center and the impressive Dome of Light at Formosa Boulevard MRT Station. As a cultural hub, Kaohsiung also boasts art districts and markets, where travelers can immerse themselves in local crafts and performances.


Situated in the heart of Taiwan, Taichung is a dynamic blend of culture, arts, and nature. The city is home to the National Taiwan Museum of Fine Arts, showcasing the island’s artistic prowess. The vibrant Rainbow Village, with its colorful murals, tells stories of the past, while the bustling Feng Chia Night Market offers a gastronomic adventure like no other.


Revered as Taiwan’s oldest city, Tainan is a living museum of Taiwan’s history and heritage. With its well-preserved temples, forts, and traditional houses, Tainan offers a deeper dive into Taiwan’s past. Anping Fort and Chihkan Tower stand as testimonies to the city’s rich history, while the local street food, particularly at the Tainan Flower Night Market, adds a flavorful touch to the city’s allure.


Resting along Taiwan’s eastern coast, Hualien is the gateway to the stunning Taroko Gorge. The city itself, with its relaxed ambiance, is a blend of urban life, coastal beauty, and indigenous culture. The Dongdamen Night Market and Pine Garden are must-visit spots, offering a mix of local flavors and history.

Each of Taiwan’s cities, with their unique character and offerings, paints a vivid picture of the island’s diversity and dynamism, promising enriching experiences for every kind of traveler. Whether you’re a history buff, a foodie, or just someone seeking new experiences, Taiwan’s cities beckon with open arms.

Nature’s Masterpieces in Taiwan

Taroko Gorge

Carved by the Liwu River over millennia, Taroko Gorge stands as a testament to nature’s artistry. Towering marble cliffs, deep valleys, and meandering tunnels make it a top attraction for nature enthusiasts. Trails like the Shakadang and Zhuilu Old Road offer mesmerizing views of the gorge’s geological wonders and provide opportunities to spot local wildlife.

Sun Moon Lake

Nestled in the foothills of Taiwan’s Central Mountain Range, Sun Moon Lake is the country’s largest lake. Its calm azure waters, surrounded by verdant mountains, create a picturesque setting. The lake gets its name from its unique shape: one part resembles the sun, while the other looks like a crescent moon. It’s a hub for cycling, boat rides, and visits to nearby temples, such as the Wenwu Temple.

Alishan National Scenic Area

A favored destination for both sunrise views and mist-laden landscapes, Alishan boasts vast tea plantations, ancient forests, and the iconic Alishan Forest Railway. The Sacred Tree and the Sisters Ponds are notable spots, narrating tales of love and nature’s grandeur.

Penghu Islands

Located off Taiwan’s western coast, the Penghu archipelago consists of 90 islands and islets, celebrated for their pristine beaches and unique basalt formations. Traditional fishing villages, temples, and coral reefs make Penghu a paradise for beach lovers and divers.

Kenting National Park

Situated at Taiwan’s southern tip, Kenting is renowned for its rich biodiversity, coastal cliffs, and tropical climate. The park’s coral reefs teem with marine life, while Eluanbi Lighthouse, also known as “The Light of East Asia,” offers panoramic sea views. The night market in Kenting town bustles with activity, providing a cultural counterpoint to the day’s nature excursions.

Yushan National Park

Dominating Taiwan’s landscape, Yushan, or Jade Mountain, is the highest peak in Northeast Asia. The park surrounding it is crisscrossed with trails, showcasing alpine landscapes, diverse flora and fauna, and cloud-kissed peaks.

Taiwan’s natural wonders, from its coastal beauty to mountainous terrains, offer a refreshing escape from urban life. These sites not only provide unparalleled scenic views but also serve as a testament to the island’s commitment to preserving its rich natural heritage. For travelers, these spots present a chance to connect deeply with nature and revel in its tranquillity and majesty.

Taiwanese Culinary Adventures

Night Market Delights

Taiwan’s night markets are culinary wonderlands, illuminating the streets with a vibrant mix of scents, colors, and flavors. From the sizzling oyster omelets and stinky tofu of Shilin Night Market in Taipei to the delectable papaya milk and grilled squid of Feng Chia Night Market in Taichung, these bustling markets are a feast for the senses. Every bite encapsulates the island’s rich gastronomic heritage.

Traditional Breakfast Staples

Start the day like a local with a hearty Taiwanese breakfast. Dive into a bowl of warm soy milk, often enjoyed sweet or salty, accompanied by youtiao (deep-fried dough sticks). Fan tuan (rice rolls filled with assorted fillings) and shao bing (sesame flatbreads) are also beloved morning treats that reflect the island’s Chinese roots.

Iconic Main Dishes

Beef noodle soup, a comforting bowl of tender beef chunks and hand-pulled noodles in a flavorful broth, stands as Taiwan’s unofficial national dish. Other must-tries include lu rou fan (braised pork rice), gua bao (steamed buns filled with pork belly), and the Hakka-inspired stir-fry of pounded tea, showcasing the island’s diverse culinary influences.

Seafood Extravaganza

Owing to its island geography, Taiwan offers a bounty of fresh seafood. From the grilled fish of Keelung’s Miaokou Night Market to the sashimi platters of the coastal towns, the island’s seafood dishes are a testament to its maritime traditions and influences.

Sweet Sensations

Taiwanese desserts are a delightful blend of textures and flavors. Dive into a bowl of grass jelly topped with fruits or savor the chewy sensation of bubble tea, a global sensation that originated from Taiwan. Mochi, pineapple cakes, and taro balls from Jiufen are other sweet treats that encapsulate the island’s dessert culture.

Tea Culture

Taiwan’s tea culture is a cherished tradition, deeply rooted in its history. From the high-mountain oolongs of Alishan to the aromatic tie guan yin from Muzha, Taiwanese teas are renowned worldwide. Experience a traditional tea ceremony or visit tea plantations in regions like Maokong to truly understand the art and passion behind every brew.

Embarking on a culinary journey through Taiwan offers more than just tantalizing tastes. Each dish, from the street food staples to the traditional main courses, tells a story of the island’s cultural tapestry, its agricultural abundance, and the innovative spirit of its people. A trip to Taiwan isn’t merely a feast for the eyes but also a gastronomic adventure that lingers on the palate long after the journey ends.

Celebrations and Festivals

Lunar New Year

Marking the beginning of the Chinese lunar calendar, the Lunar New Year is Taiwan’s most significant festival. Families gather for reunion dinners, traditional dragon and lion dances take to the streets, and red lanterns and decorations adorn homes and public spaces. It’s a time for feasting, giving red envelopes (hongbao) filled with money, and welcoming prosperity for the coming year.

Lantern Festival

Concluding the Lunar New Year celebrations, the Lantern Festival is a spectacle of light. Various regions of Taiwan host their own events, with Pingxi’s Sky Lantern Festival being particularly famous. Here, thousands release paper lanterns into the night sky, carrying their wishes aloft. In addition, intricate handcrafted lanterns depicting various themes are showcased in parks and public areas.

Dragon Boat Festival

Commemorating the ancient poet Qu Yuan, the Dragon Boat Festival sees teams from around the world race in intricately designed boats to the beat of drums. The festival is also celebrated by enjoying zongzi — sticky rice dumplings wrapped in bamboo leaves, filled with an assortment of ingredients.

Mid-Autumn Festival

Also known as the Moon Festival, this celebration honors the harvest and the beauty of the full moon. Families and friends gather to enjoy mooncakes, a traditional pastry with various fillings, and barbecue outdoors. Lanterns are also lit, creating a warm, festive atmosphere.

Double Ten Day

On October 10th, Taiwan commemorates the 1911 Wuchang Uprising which led to the end of imperial rule in China and the establishment of the Republic of China. It’s Taiwan’s National Day and is marked with military parades, fireworks, and patriotic performances.

Ghost Festival

Rooted in Buddhist and Taoist traditions, the Ghost Festival is a time when the spirits of the deceased are believed to visit the living. Families prepare offerings of food, burn joss paper, and conduct rituals to honor their ancestors and appease wandering spirits.

Indigenous Festivals

Taiwan is home to several indigenous tribes, each with its unique customs and festivals. The Amis people, for instance, celebrate the Harvest Festival, where they showcase traditional dance, music, and rituals to give thanks for the harvest.

The celebrations and festivals of Taiwan offer a deep dive into its rich cultural and historical tapestry. Whether rooted in ancient traditions or reflective of the island’s diverse communities, each event offers travelers a unique perspective and the chance to engage in Taiwan’s vibrant communal spirit.

Travel Tips and Recommendations

Navigating Public Transportation

Taiwan boasts an efficient and convenient public transportation system. The Taiwan High-Speed Rail (THSR) connects major cities from the north to the south, making intercity travel swift. In urban areas like Taipei and Kaohsiung, the Metro systems are user-friendly and equipped with English signage. Buses are reliable and connect even remote parts of the island. Purchasing an EasyCard or iPASS card can simplify fare payments for various transport modes and even some convenience stores.

Embrace Local Etiquette

Taiwanese culture places a strong emphasis on respect and politeness. When visiting temples or religious sites, dress modestly and follow the customs. A slight bow is a common form of greeting, and removing shoes before entering someone’s home is customary.

Optimal Timing

While Taiwan is a year-round destination, the months of October to April offer pleasant weather, ideal for exploring both cities and natural landscapes. However, always keep an eye out for typhoon warnings during the summer and early autumn.


Taiwan has excellent mobile connectivity, and it’s easy to purchase a local SIM card at the airport or convenience stores. Free Wi-Fi is also widely available in public areas, cafes, and hotels.

Cash and Currency

While credit cards are accepted in most urban areas, smaller shops, local markets, and remote regions often prefer cash. Taiwan’s currency is the New Taiwan Dollar (TWD), and ATMs are widely accessible.

New Taiwan Dollar  current exchange rates

  • 1000 TWD = $31.01 or $1 = 0.00  New Taiwan Dollar 
  • 1000 TWD = €28.66 or €1 = 0.00  New Taiwan Dollar 

Other currencies:

  • 1000 TWD = 24.39 British Pounds
  • 1000 TWD = 46.83 Australian Dollar
  • 1000 TWD = 42.51 Canadian Dollar
  • 1000 TWD = 333.12 Swedish Krona
  • 1000 TWD = 122.14 Polish Zloty
  • 1000 TWD = 708.78 Czech Koruna
  • 1000 TWD = 42,379.72 South Korean Won
  • 1000 TWD = 220.51 Chinese Yuan
  • 1000 TWD = 4,869.68 Japanese Yen

Safety and Health

Taiwan is one of the safest countries in Asia. However, standard precautions like not leaving belongings unattended and being cautious in less populated areas during nighttime are recommended. Tap water in major cities is treated but opting for bottled water, especially in rural areas, is advisable.

Learn Basic Mandarin Phrases

While many in Taiwan, especially the younger generation, understand basic English, learning a few Mandarin phrases can enhance your travel experience. Simple greetings or thank you (“xiè xie”) can go a long way.

Explore Beyond the Main Cities

While cities like Taipei and Kaohsiung have much to offer, Taiwan’s real charm lies in its smaller towns, coastal areas, and mountainous regions. Places like Jiufen, Tamsui, and the East Rift Valley offer a deeper dive into Taiwan’s natural beauty and cultural heritage.

Visa and Entry Requirements

Most nationalities can enter Taiwan visa-free for short durations, but it’s essential to check the latest visa requirements based on your nationality before traveling.

Engaging with Taiwan’s culture, nature, and people is a rewarding experience. These tips and recommendations ensure that travelers can make the most of their journey, navigating the island with ease and soaking in its myriad wonders.

Useful Websites

  • Tourism Bureau, Republic of China (Taiwan) – The official tourism website offering comprehensive information on attractions, accommodations, events, and more.
  • Taiwan High-Speed Rail – For schedules, ticket bookings, and information on the high-speed train service connecting major cities.
  • Taipei Metro – Guide to Taipei’s subway system, including routes, fares, and tourist information.
  • KLOOK Taiwan – Platform for booking various travel activities, tours, and tickets in Taiwan.
  • Lonely Planet Taiwan – Travel advice, articles, and recommendations on Taiwan from the renowned travel guide publisher.
  • Taiwan News – Stay updated with the latest news and happenings in Taiwan.
  • Taiwan Scene – Blog featuring travel stories, itineraries, and tips from local writers and travelers.
  • Forumosa – Taiwan’s largest English-language community forum where travelers can ask questions and share experiences.
  • iPASS Card – Information and benefits of the iPASS card, useful for public transportation and various payments.
  • Bureau of Consular Affairs, Taiwan – Official resource for visa and entry requirements for travelers to Taiwan.

Taiwan stands as a mesmerizing blend of the past and the present, offering travelers a unique tapestry of experiences. Its bustling cities, like Taipei and Kaohsiung, effortlessly meld historical treasures with modern marvels, while the serene beauty of places like Taroko Gorge and Sun Moon Lake showcases the island’s natural wonders. A journey through Taiwan is not just a visual delight but also a culinary adventure, with night markets serving as gastronomic playgrounds offering flavors that linger in memory.

The island’s festivals, from the Lunar New Year to the Dragon Boat Festival, provide a vibrant insight into its rich cultural heritage. Furthermore, the warmth and hospitality of the Taiwanese people add an intangible charm to the travel experience. Whether you’re trekking through its lush landscapes, exploring ancient temples, or savoring its diverse cuisine, Taiwan promises an enriching journey that captivates the soul and invigorates the senses.

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