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Home » Somalia: A Travel Guide to East Africa’s Unique Destination

Somalia: A Travel Guide to East Africa’s Unique Destination

Venture into Somalia, where the azure waves of the Indian Ocean caress its pristine shores and centuries-old tales echo in its ancient landmarks. Dive deep into a unique blend of African and Arabian cultures, feasting on rich flavors and engaging in heartfelt interactions with its warm-hearted people. Whether it’s the hustle and bustle of Mogadishu or the serene beauty of Berbera Beach, Somalia promises a journey of discovery, bursting with vibrant colors, sounds, and experiences that will forever etch in a traveler’s memory.

Why Visit Somalia?

Untouched Beaches

Somalia boasts some of the most spectacular and less frequented beaches along the Indian Ocean coastline. With soft, golden sands stretching for miles, these beaches offer tranquility and an unparalleled opportunity for sunbathing, beachcombing, and water sports in a serene setting.

Historic Landmarks and Cities

Trace the footprints of ancient civilizations as you explore Somalia’s rich history. The ruins of old cities and the world-renowned Laas Geel rock art bear witness to a vibrant past. Mogadishu, the capital, offers a mix of modernity amidst age-old structures, narrating tales of resilience and cultural fusion.

Rich Cultural Heritage

Somalia presents a unique blend of African and Arabian influences, evident in its music, dance, and folklore. Engage with the local community to understand the essence of Somali life, from traditional nomadic lifestyles to the bustling urban scenes. Experience their hospitality and immerse yourself in local festivals and ceremonies that showcase the depth of Somali culture.

Top Destinations in Somalia


Often referred to as the “White Pearl of the Indian Ocean”, Mogadishu, the capital city, presents a blend of historical charm and modern allure. Its coastal position offers breathtaking seascapes, and while the city bears the marks of a tumultuous past, it stands resilient, showcasing its rich history, bustling markets, and warm hospitality.

Laas Geel

An archaeological wonder, Laas Geel houses ancient rock art that dates back to 5,000 years. These well-preserved paintings offer a glimpse into the prehistoric life of the region, highlighting the deep-rooted history and significance of human civilization in the Horn of Africa.

Berbera Beach

A seaside paradise in the Somaliland region, Berbera Beach is renowned for its crystal-clear waters and pristine sands. It’s an ideal destination for relaxation, water sports, and diving excursions, revealing vibrant marine life and coral reefs.


The capital of Somaliland, Hargeisa is a testament to growth and development. Known for its friendly locals, bustling markets, and notable landmarks like the War Memorial and MiG Jet Monument, the city offers a slice of Somali life that is both traditional and contemporary.

Kismayo National Park

A haven for nature enthusiasts, Kismayo National Park boasts diverse ecosystems from coastal dunes to savannah grasslands. Visitors can catch a glimpse of native wildlife including antelopes, hyenas, and various bird species, making it a must-visit for wildlife photography and safari experiences.

Navigating Safety in Somalia

Understanding the Landscape

While Somalia has made significant strides towards stability, certain areas remain volatile due to historical conflicts and regional disputes. Before embarking on your journey, it’s crucial to familiarize yourself with the regions that are safer for travel and those that should be approached with caution.

Local Insights

Engaging with local tour operators, guides, and residents can offer valuable insights into the current safety dynamics. They often have real-time knowledge of any emerging concerns and can provide guidance on areas to explore and those to avoid.

Travel Advisories

Regularly checking updated travel advisories from your country’s foreign affairs department or international organizations can provide clear guidelines on the regions deemed safe for tourists. These advisories also offer advice on precautions to take during your trip.

Health Precautions

While safety often leans towards conflict-related issues, it’s equally important to be informed about health concerns. Ensure you’re updated with vaccinations, are aware of local water and food consumption guidelines, and have a health kit tailored to potential local ailments.

Cultural Sensitivity

Being aware of and respectful towards local customs, traditions, and norms can significantly enhance your safety. It minimizes potential misunderstandings and fosters a sense of goodwill with the local populace.

Travel Tips for an Enriching Somali Experience

Visa & Entry Requirements

Before embarking on your Somali adventure, familiarize yourself with the necessary visa and entry requirements. While visa-on-arrival is available for some nationalities, it’s advisable to arrange your visa in advance. Ensure your passport has ample validity and check for any additional documentation that might be necessary.

Currency & Payment

The Somali Shilling (SOS) is the official currency. While larger cities might accept credit cards in some establishments, many places prefer cash. It’s also wise to carry some US dollars, which are widely accepted. Familiarize yourself with the local currency exchange rates and try to use recognized forex bureaus.

Somali Shilling current exchange rates

  • 100.000 SOS = $175.11 or $1 = 571.08  Somali Shilling
  • 100.000 SOS = €164.34 or €1 = 608.48  Somali Shilling

Other currencies:

  • 100.000 SOS = 141.78 British Pounds
  • 100.000 SOS = 271.43 Australian Dollar
  • 100.000 SOS = 239.99 Canadian Dollar
  • 100.000 SOS = 1,906.61 Swedish Krona
  • 100.000 SOS = 710.01 Polish Zloty
  • 100.000 SOS = 4,152.13 Czech Koruna
  • 100.000 SOS = 241,278.98 South Korean Won
  • 100.000 SOS = 1,268.96 Chinese Yuan
  • 100.000 SOS = 27,106.50 Japanese Yen

Cultural Etiquette

Somalia, with its rich cultural mosaic, places a high value on respect and traditions. Dress modestly, especially in rural areas, and be aware of religious practices, particularly during the month of Ramadan. A simple understanding and appreciation of local customs can go a long way in enhancing interpersonal interactions.

Language Basics

While Somali is the official language, Arabic, Italian, and English are also spoken, especially in urban centers. Learning a few basic Somali phrases can be an endearing gesture and helps in building rapport with locals.


While larger cities like Mogadishu have decent internet connectivity, it may be patchy or unavailable in remote areas. Consider buying a local SIM card for better mobile coverage. Informing your home network about your travel can also help you avail of international roaming services, if necessary.

Cuisine & Food: A Taste of Somalia

A Melting Pot of Influences

Somali cuisine stands as a testament to its rich historical tapestry, drawing influences from African, Arabian, and even Italian culinary traditions. This confluence of cultures results in a flavor profile that’s distinct, layered, and immensely satisfying.

Staples and Breakfast Delights

At the heart of many meals is rice, often served with rich meaty stews. For breakfast, the pancake-like canjeero is a favorite, reminiscent of Ethiopian injera but uniquely Somali. It’s often paired with honey or ghee. Another morning delight is sabaayad, a flaky bread that can be enjoyed with sweet or savory accompaniments.

Meaty Affairs

Somali meals often feature meats like goat, beef, and chicken. Suqaar, a dish of diced meat (often beef), is stir-fried and can be served with rice or pasta. The coastal areas, given their proximity to the sea, offer a variety of fish dishes, seasoned with aromatic spices.

Pasta Influence

Thanks to the Italian colonial influence, pasta is surprisingly prevalent in Somali cuisine. Baasto is the Somali take on pasta, which is often served with a tomato-based sauce and chunks of meat or fish.


Given the country’s warm climate, Somalis have a range of refreshing drinks. Cambuulo, a cold drink made from adzuki beans, sugar, and coconut milk, is a delightful treat. Tea, spiced with cardamom and cloves and sweetened generously, is a staple beverage.

Sweets and Snacks

Somalis have a sweet tooth, and this is evident in their range of desserts. Halwa, a dense, sweet dish made from sugar, ghee, and cornflour, often enhanced with cardamom or nutmeg, is a favorite. For snacks, samosas (locally known as sambuusa) filled with meat or lentils are popular.

Dining Etiquette

While indulging in Somali cuisine, it’s common to eat with one’s hands, specifically the right hand. It’s a communal affair, with families often sharing meals from a large communal plate. Showing appreciation for the food and leaving no waste is a sign of respect.

Exploring Local Eateries

For those keen on a genuine experience, local eateries and food stalls offer a taste of authentic Somali cuisine. Whether it’s freshly grilled fish by the seaside in Mogadishu or a hearty meat stew in a local diner, the flavors of Somalia are sure to tantalize and captivate the palate.

Accommodation Options: Resting in Somali Comfort

City Hotels

In major urban centers like Mogadishu and Hargeisa, travelers will find a range of hotels that cater to varying budgets and preferences. From luxury suites boasting modern amenities to budget-friendly rooms, these establishments often provide essential services such as Wi-Fi, breakfast, and guided city tours.

Guesthouses & Inns

Ideal for those seeking a more personal touch, guesthouses and inns offer a homely environment. Often run by local families, these accommodations provide an intimate insight into Somali life. It’s not just about a place to rest but also about cultural exchange, with home-cooked meals and stories shared over a cup of spiced tea.

Beach Resorts

Given Somalia’s extensive coastline, several beach resorts, especially around places like Berbera, cater to those who wish to be lulled by the ocean’s waves. These resorts often offer activities such as fishing, diving, and boat tours, in addition to comfortable lodging options.


For the environmentally conscious traveler, some eco-lodges provide sustainable accommodation options. Located often in or near areas of natural beauty, these lodges prioritize minimal environmental impact while ensuring visitors experience the raw beauty of Somalia’s landscapes.

Nomadic Tents

For a truly unique experience, some regions offer stays in traditional Somali tents. This nomadic style of accommodation offers a rustic experience, allowing travelers to immerse themselves in the age-old lifestyles of the Somali people.

Booking & Recommendations

While some established hotels may be listed on global booking platforms, many smaller accommodations might require direct contact or local referrals. It’s advisable to read reviews, seek recommendations from fellow travelers, or consult local tour operators to find suitable lodging.

Safety and Comfort

Given the varying degrees of infrastructure across regions, it’s essential to ensure that your chosen accommodation meets safety standards and provides necessary comforts. Check if they have backup power, secure perimeters, and potable water supply.

Cultural Respect

Somalia is deeply rooted in its traditions, and this extends to accommodations as well. Respect local customs, dress modestly in communal areas, and be open to the warmth and hospitality that the Somali people are renowned for.

Getting Around: Navigating the Somali Terrain

Domestic Flights

Connecting major cities, domestic flights offer the quickest way to traverse the vast landscapes of Somalia. Airlines such as Jubba Airways and Somali Airlines operate routes between key destinations like Mogadishu, Hargeisa, and Bosaso. Given the size of the country, flying can save significant travel time.

Road Travel

While road networks connect most towns and cities, conditions can vary. Main roads are generally paved, but many secondary routes might be gravel or dirt tracks. Travelers can hire taxis or rent vehicles in major cities. If opting for self-drive, a 4×4 vehicle is recommended, especially if heading into more rugged terrains.

Hiring Local Drivers

Given the varying road conditions and local driving customs, many visitors opt to hire local drivers. Not only are they familiar with the terrain, but they can also provide insights into the regions, doubling as informal guides.

Public Transport

Buses and minibuses ply routes between towns and cities. While they are an economical option, they might be crowded and may not adhere to strict schedules. For shorter distances within cities, auto-rickshaws, locally known as “Bajaj”, are a popular mode of transport.

Boat and Ferries

Somalia’s long coastline and rivers mean boat travel is viable, especially for those keen on exploring the coastal areas. Ferries might operate between certain towns, and local fishing boats sometimes offer rides to nearby islands.

Rail Travel

While Somalia once had a railway system, it’s currently non-operational for passenger travel. Efforts are underway for restoration, but as of now, rail is not a viable mode of transport for tourists.

Travel Etiquette

When using public transport, it’s essential to be mindful of local customs. Men and women may have designated seating areas, especially on buses. It’s also customary to greet fellow passengers when boarding.

Travel During Night

Given the varying safety scenarios across different regions, nighttime travel is generally not recommended, especially on roads outside major cities. If necessary, ensure you’re traveling with someone familiar with the area.

Useful Websites

Somalia, a nation nestled in the Horn of Africa, beckons travelers with its unique blend of historical depth, diverse landscapes, and rich cultural mosaic. Its extensive coastline, kissed by the azure waves of the Indian Ocean, offers pristine beaches that remain untouched by commercial tourism. Beyond the beaches lie the echoes of ancient civilizations, as seen in the historical landmarks of cities and the world-renowned Laas Geel rock art.

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