Netherlands —is a country known for its rich history, stunning landscapes, and vibrant culture. From the picturesque canals of Amsterdam to the charming windmills in the countryside, the Netherlands offers an array of experiences for every type of traveler.
As the capital city, Amsterdam is often the starting point for many travelers and for good reason. Famous for its intricate canal systems that crisscross the city, you’ll find iconic 17th-century houses that look like they’ve been pulled straight out of a postcard. Must-visit spots include the Anne Frank House, where Anne Frank and her family hid during World War II, and the Rijksmuseum, home to art and historical artifacts. Enjoy a leisurely boat ride on the canals, and don’t forget to visit the trendy neighborhoods like De Pijp for a taste of local life.
Unlike Amsterdam, Rotterdam is a city that embraces modernity. Known for its cutting-edge architecture, Rotterdam has a skyline that’s dominated by skyscrapers and modernist designs. It’s home to Europe’s largest port, and you can even take harbor tours to see the maritime industry in action. Art lovers will enjoy the Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, and if you’re visiting in summer, the North Sea Jazz Festival is an absolute must.
Utrecht offers a quieter, more laid-back experience compared to Amsterdam and Rotterdam. Famous for its medieval architecture, you’ll fall in love with the Gothic-style Dom Tower, a 14th-century cathedral with panoramic views of the city. What sets Utrecht apart are its canals, which have two levels; the lower level often has cafes and shops, providing a unique experience as you walk by.
Serving as the administrative capital of the Netherlands, The Hague offers a blend of seaside relaxation and urban sophistication. This city houses the Dutch Parliament, the Royal Family, and international organizations like the International Court of Justice. Don’t miss a visit to the Mauritshuis museum, home to Vermeer’s “Girl with a Pearl Earring,” and spend an afternoon at Scheveningen Beach for some sun and surf.
Maastricht lies in the southern part of the Netherlands and feels like a different world altogether with its hilly landscapes. It has a rich Roman history and the remnants of medieval walls still stand today. The city also boasts of a vibrant arts scene and hosts the annual TEFAF, one of the world’s leading art fairs. Close to the Ardennes and the Eifel regions, Maastricht is also a perfect base for hiking, biking, and other outdoor activities.
Dutch Culture and Heritage
The Dutch language, known locally as Nederlands, is the official language of the Netherlands. It’s a Germanic language that shares similarities with English and German. However, the country’s educational system places a strong emphasis on learning multiple languages, so many Dutch people are also fluent in English, making it easier for tourists to communicate. Some areas also have their own regional languages, such as Frisian in Friesland.
The Netherlands has a rich calendar of festivals and public celebrations, offering something for everyone. King’s Day (Koningsdag) is an annual celebration on April 27th, turning the entire country into a sea of orange, the national color. The Tulip Festival is another standout, showcasing millions of tulips in bloom across various regions. For music lovers, the North Sea Jazz Festival in Rotterdam is a must-visit, featuring an impressive lineup of jazz, blues, and soul artists.
Art and Museums
When it comes to art, the Netherlands has an illustrious history. Home to iconic painters like Rembrandt and Vincent van Gogh, you’ll find their masterpieces in world-renowned museums like the Rijksmuseum and the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam. The country also has a burgeoning contemporary art scene, with numerous galleries and exhibitions featuring modern artists.
Dutch architecture is a blend of historic and modern styles. Traditional Dutch buildings often feature ornate facades and large windows, while cities like Rotterdam offer a contrast with their modernist skyscrapers. The country is also famous for its windmills, which were originally used for purposes like draining the wetlands and are now popular tourist attractions.
Food and Cuisine
The Dutch are known for their simple yet hearty cuisine. Traditional dishes include stamppot (mashed potatoes with vegetables), herring (often served raw), and Dutch cheese like Gouda and Edam. For those with a sweet tooth, treats like stroopwafels (syrup waffles) and poffertjes (small, fluffy pancakes) are a must-try.
The Dutch are known for their ingenuity, contributing significantly to fields like science, art, and commerce. Notable inventions include the microscope, telescope, and the concept of a stock market. Additionally, the Dutch are pioneers in water management, creating intricate systems of dykes, canals, and pumps to reclaim land from the sea.
Known as the “Garden of Europe,” Keukenhof is one of the world’s largest flower gardens. Located in Lisse, it’s particularly famous for its stunning tulip displays, featuring millions of tulips in a variety of colors and arrangements. Open from late March to early May, it’s a must-visit during the spring season.
Anne Frank House
Located in Amsterdam, the Anne Frank House is a poignant museum dedicated to Anne Frank, a Jewish girl who hid from the Nazis during World War II. Visitors can explore the secret annex where Anne and her family hid and read excerpts from her famous diary.
Windmills of Kinderdijk
A UNESCO World Heritage site, the Kinderdijk windmill complex is an iconic symbol of Dutch ingenuity in water management. The 19 windmills date back to the 18th century and offer a glimpse into Holland’s historic approach to draining the wetlands.
As one of the most famous museums in the world, Amsterdam’s Rijksmuseum houses an extensive collection of Dutch art and historical artifacts. Highlights include works by Rembrandt, Vermeer, and many other influential artists.
One of the modern wonders of the world, the Delta Works is an engineering marvel designed to protect the Netherlands from flooding. Comprising a series of dams, sluices, locks, dykes, and storm surge barriers, it’s an exemplary feat in hydraulic engineering.
Royal Palace of Amsterdam
Located in Dam Square, the Royal Palace is one of three palaces in the Netherlands used by the Dutch Royal Family. Originally built as the city hall during the Dutch Golden Age, it later became a royal residence and is now used for official events and ceremonies.
This charming historic village near Amsterdam offers a picturesque glimpse of traditional Dutch life. Featuring historic windmills, wooden houses, and artisan workshops, Zaanse Schans is a great place for a day trip to experience the Netherlands of yesteryears.
Canals of Amsterdam
The intricate network of canals in Amsterdam is one of the city’s most recognizable features. Built during the 17th century, the canals are lined with historic houses and are best explored by boat. They’re also a UNESCO World Heritage site and offer numerous photographic opportunities.
Maastricht’s St. Pietersberg Caves
An extensive network of man-made tunnels, the St. Pietersberg Caves in Maastricht offer a unique subterranean experience. Originally dug for limestone extraction, the caves have served various purposes over the years, including as a refuge during times of siege.
Dom Tower of Utrecht
A prominent example of Gothic architecture, the Dom Tower is the tallest church tower in the Netherlands. With its 465 steps leading to stunning views of Utrecht, it’s a popular tourist attraction and a symbol of the city.
Each of these landmarks offers a unique aspect of Dutch culture, history, or technological achievement. Whether you’re an art lover, a history buff, or someone who simply enjoys beautiful landscapes, the Netherlands has a landmark just for you.
Biking in the Dutch Countryside
The Netherlands is often considered the cycling capital of the world, thanks to its flat terrain and extensive network of bike paths. Take a ride through the idyllic countryside, past windmills and tulip fields, for a true Dutch experience.
Sailing in Friesland
The province of Friesland is famous for its lakes and waterways, making it an excellent destination for sailing. Whether you’re an experienced sailor or a beginner, you can rent a boat and explore the scenic water routes.
Hiking in the Veluwe
The Veluwe is one of the largest natural areas in the Netherlands, featuring a mixture of forests, heathlands, and sand drifts. It’s a haven for hikers and also offers opportunities for birdwatching and wildlife photography.
Ice Skating on Natural Lakes
During the winter months, the Dutch love to go ice skating on natural lakes and canals. If you’re visiting in the colder seasons, join in this beloved national pastime, but make sure the ice is safely frozen!
Kite Surfing in Scheveningen
Located near The Hague, Scheveningen is one of the best beaches for kite surfing in the country. With consistent winds and ample space, it’s perfect for both beginners and seasoned kite surfers.
Rock Climbing at Excalibur
The Excalibur climbing wall in Groningen is one of the tallest freestanding climbing walls in the world. Designed to mimic a natural rock formation, it offers a unique outdoor climbing experience.
Exploring the Wadden Islands
The Wadden Islands provide a completely different side of the Netherlands, featuring expansive mudflats that you can explore by “mud walking.” These islands are also great for cycling, hiking, and birdwatching.
Canoeing in the Weerribben-Wieden National Park
This national park in the province of Overijssel is a beautiful maze of lakes, canals, and reed beds. Rent a canoe to explore its tranquil waterways and get up close to the rich biodiversity.
Paragliding in the South Limburg Hills
For a bird’s-eye view of the Netherlands’ most hilly region, try paragliding in South Limburg. With its elevated terrain, it’s one of the few places in the country where you can enjoy this exhilarating activity.
Tulip Picking in Flower Farms
In spring, several flower farms open their doors to the public, allowing you to pick your own bouquet of fresh tulips. It’s a delightful way to enjoy the Netherlands’ most iconic flower.
Whether you’re an adventure junkie, a nature lover, or someone who simply enjoys a leisurely day outdoors, the Netherlands offers a wide array of activities that take full advantage of its diverse landscapes.
One of the most popular Dutch treats, stroopwafels are made of two thin waffles stuck together with a layer of sweet syrup. These are best enjoyed warm and are often served placed over a cup of hot coffee or tea, which melts the inner syrup.
A favorite at Dutch pubs and cafes, bitterballen are deep-fried balls filled with a mixture of beef or veal ragout. They’re crispy on the outside, creamy on the inside, and are usually served with mustard for dipping.
Traditionally eaten raw and typically served with onions and pickles, haring or “Hollandse Nieuwe” is a type of small, silvery fish. It’s a must-try, especially if you’re visiting during the early summer when the fish are at their freshest.
These mini, fluffy pancakes are a hit with both locals and tourists. Typically served with a dusting of powdered sugar and a knob of butter, poffertjes are a delightful sweet treat.
Gouda and Edam Cheeses
Dutch cheese is famous worldwide, and Gouda and Edam are among the most popular varieties. You can visit local cheese markets or even take a tour of a cheese farm to see how these delicious wheels are made.
Also known as “snert,” this thick pea soup is a Dutch winter staple. It often contains pieces of pork and sausage and is hearty enough to be a meal on its own.
This dish consists of fries topped with a variety of condiments like mayonnaise, peanut sauce, and sometimes even a layer of chopped onions. The name translates to “war fries,” likely due to the messy appearance of the dish.
Dutch Apple Pie
Appeltaart is a deep-dish apple pie often spiced with cinnamon and topped with a crumbly crust. It’s traditionally served with a dollop of whipped cream and is a favorite in cafes across the country.
Often sold at fish stalls and markets, kibbeling consists of battered and deep-fried chunks of fish, usually cod. It’s typically served with a herbed mayonnaise dip and is a popular snack or lunch option.
This is a traditional Dutch spirit from which gin evolved. It’s made with juniper berry (which is “jeneverbes” in Dutch), and it comes in various types and flavors. It’s often consumed neat but can also be used in cocktails.
The Netherlands may not be the first country that comes to mind when thinking of culinary destinations, but its local cuisine is both hearty and diverse. From mouth-watering sweets to savory classics, the food scene offers a plethora of options that are deeply rooted in Dutch culture.
The currency used in the Netherlands is the Euro (€). It’s advisable to have some cash on hand for smaller purchases or in places that don’t accept cards. However, most businesses in cities and tourist areas accept credit and debit cards. ATMs are widely available for withdrawals. Currency exchange services are commonly found in airports, train stations, and city centers.
Euro current exchange rates
- 100 EUR = $108.80 or $1 = 0.92 Euro
- 100 EUR = 85.60 British Pounds
- 100 EUR = 163.02 Australian Dollar
- 100 EUR = 146.83 Canadian Dollar
- 100 EUR = 1,128.67 Swedish Krona
- 100 EUR = 432.28 Polish Zloty
- 100 EUR = 2,426.40 Czech Koruna
- 100 EUR = 140,946.86 South Korean Won
- 100 EUR = 769.47 Chinese Yuan
- 100 EUR = 15,978.23 Japanese Yen
The Netherlands has an efficient and well-connected public transportation system. The OV-chipkaart is a smart card that can be used for accessing trams, buses, and trains. Multiple ride and day passes are also available and can often be purchased from machines or directly from the driver.
Tipping is not mandatory in the Netherlands, as service charges are included in your bill. However, it is customary to leave small change or round up to the nearest euro in restaurants, bars, and taxis if you’re satisfied with the service.
The Netherlands is generally a safe country to visit, with low crime rates compared to other European nations. Nevertheless, it’s wise to take standard precautions, particularly in crowded tourist areas where pickpocketing can occur.
Given the country’s bike-friendly nature, renting a bicycle is one of the best ways to explore cities and the countryside. Many places offer daily or hourly rentals, and some even provide guided bike tours.
Most shops open around 9 or 10 a.m. and close by 6 p.m., although times can vary. Sundays usually have shorter opening hours, and some smaller shops may be closed.
The tap water in the Netherlands is of high quality and is safe to drink unless otherwise indicated. It’s both an eco-friendly and budget-friendly alternative to bottled water.
The power plugs and sockets used in the Netherlands are of type F, with a standard voltage of 230 V and a standard frequency of 50 Hz. Travelers from countries with different electrical outlets may need a plug adapter or voltage converter.
- Lithuania Travel Official Website – The official tourism website for Lithuania, offering comprehensive information on attractions, accommodations, and travel tips.
- Vilnius Tourism – Official tourism page for Vilnius, the capital city, featuring events, guided tours, and must-see landmarks.
- Booking.com – An online booking platform where you can reserve hotels, hostels, and other forms of accommodation in Lithuania.
- Skyscanner – Search for affordable flights to Lithuania from various airlines and booking websites.
- TripAdvisor Lithuania Forum – A forum where travelers share tips, ask questions, and discuss all things related to visiting Lithuania.
- Lonely Planet Lithuania – Trusted travel guide offering detailed information on Lithuanian culture, attractions, and travel logistics.
- Culture Trip: Lithuania – Articles and recommendations focusing on Lithuania’s culture, food, and local experiences.
- Lietuvos Geležinkeliai – Official website for Lithuania’s national railway, useful for booking train tickets within the country.
- Klaipeda Tourism – The official tourism site for Klaipeda, offering information on the port city and the nearby Curonian Spit.
- Eurail Lithuania – Details on using the Eurail pass in Lithuania, including route ideas and travel tips.
- Baltic Holidays – Specializes in customized holiday packages for the Baltic States, including Lithuania.
- Numbeo Lithuania – Provides statistical data on the cost of living in Lithuania, which can help with budget planning.
From its rich cultural heritage to diverse landscapes and delectable local cuisine, the Netherlands offers a well-rounded travel experience for all types of travelers. Whether you’re cycling through picturesque tulip fields, exploring historic cities, or tasting iconic Dutch foods, there’s something for everyone in this compact yet vibrant country.