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Home » Mongolia: Your Travel Guide to the Land of the Blue Sky » Best Time to Visit Mongolia in 2024 for Nomadic Culture, Horse Trekking, and Desert Exploration: Mongolia Weather Guide

Best Time to Visit Mongolia in 2024 for Nomadic Culture, Horse Trekking, and Desert Exploration: Mongolia Weather Guide

Best Time to Visit Mongolia

  • Optimal: June to September (pleasant weather, cultural festivals).
  • For horse trekking: Late spring to early autumn.
  • Other favorable activities: Desert exploration in spring and early autumn, cultural visits in summer.

Geography facts

  • Location: Northeast Asia, landlocked between Russia and China.
  • Area: 1,564,116 km².
  • Borders: Extensive borders with Russia to the north and China to the south.
  • Landscape: Predominantly mountainous, with vast steppes, deserts (including the Gobi Desert), and very few forests. Highest point: Khüiten Peak at 4,374 meters.

Mongolia’s vast and diverse terrain offers unique opportunities for travelers seeking to immerse themselves in nomadic culture and rugged landscapes. From the expansive Gobi Desert to the mountainous regions in the north, visitors can explore a variety of natural environments and engage with traditional Mongolian lifestyles.


Mongolia experiences a continental climate, characterized by long, cold winters and short, warm summers. The country is known for its dramatic temperature shifts, which can vary greatly from day to night.

The daily range of reported temperatures (gray bars) and 24-hour highs (red ticks) and lows (blue ticks), placed over the daily average high (faint red line) and low (faint blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. (c)

Monthly Weather Snapshot


  • Extremely cold: Temperatures can plummet to -30°C (-22°F) in the northern regions.
  • Snow coverage: Common across most of Mongolia, providing excellent conditions for winter sports in certain areas.
  • Activities: Ice festivals in northern Mongolia, ideal for photography enthusiasts.


  • Slightly warmer: Daytime temperatures range from -20°C (-4°F) to -10°C (14°F).
  • Continued snow: Good for experiencing the Thousand Camel Festival in the Gobi Desert.
  • Ulaanbaatar: Cold with temperatures around -16°C (3°F).
Winter in Mongolia (c)


  • Beginning of spring: Temperature varies from -5°C (23°F) to 5°C (41°F).
  • Snow begins to melt: Roads become more navigable, making it a good time for visiting the Gobi Desert.
  • Activities: Naadam festivals in local areas start, featuring wrestling, horse racing, and archery.


  • Warmer days: Average temperatures reach up to 10°C (50°F), night temperatures can still drop below freezing.
  • Windier: Common across the steppes, causing occasional sandstorms in the Gobi.
  • Visiting: Ideal time for cultural tours to learn about nomadic life.


  • Mild weather: Daytime temperatures range between 10°C (50°F) and 20°C (68°F).
  • Greening of steppes: Landscape turns lush, perfect for horse trekking.
  • Bird watching: Migratory birds return, great for enthusiasts.


  • Start of summer: Temperatures range from 15°C (59°F) to 25°C (77°F).
  • Best time for outdoor activities: Including horse trekking and visiting nomadic camps.
  • Festival: Naadam Festival preparations begin, showcasing Mongolia’s cultural heritage.
The hourly reported temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight. (c)


  • Peak of summer: Warmest month with temperatures around 20°C (68°F) to 30°C (86°F).
  • Naadam Festival: National holiday with celebrations of Mongolian culture and sports.
  • Gobi Desert: Hot, around 40°C (104°F), suitable for desert exploration early in the morning.


  • Warm weather continues: Similar to July with occasional rain showers.
  • Active wildlife: Ideal for wildlife observation in national parks.
  • Cultural experiences: Continue to explore nomadic traditions and festivities.


  • Cooling down: Daytime temperatures fall to 15°C (59°F) to 20°C (68°F).
  • Less crowded: Fewer tourists, better engagement with locals.
  • Scenery: Autumn colors begin to appear, especially beautiful in the northern forests.


  • Autumn sets in: Day temperatures range from 5°C (41°F) to 10°C (50°F).
  • First snows: Late October, signaling the end of the tourist season.
  • Last chance for cultural tours: Before the winter cold sets in.
Autumn in Mongolia (c)


  • Rapid cooling: Temperatures drop significantly, often reaching below 0°C (32°F).
  • Pre-winter activities: Preparation for the harsh winter starts in rural areas.
  • Photography: Dramatic landscapes with early winter backdrops.


  • Deep winter: Day temperatures hover around -20°C (-4°F).
  • Snow-covered landscapes: Ideal for winter photography and experiencing traditional winter lifestyles.
  • Holiday season: Unique Mongolian winter celebrations and customs.

Mongolia offers a distinctive blend of cultural richness and natural beauty, making it a fascinating destination year-round. For those seeking authentic experiences away from the typical tourist paths, the best times are between June and September when the weather is most favorable for a variety of activities, and cultural festivals fill the calendar.

Back to Mongolia’s Travel Guide

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