Whether you’re a history buff, a food lover, or an adventure seeker, Moldova offers a unique experience that caters to all types of travelers. In this guide, we’ll take you through everything you need to know to plan your trip, from must-see attractions to mouth-watering Moldovan cuisine.
Why Visit Moldova?
Moldova is a treasure trove of cultural richness that has been influenced by various civilizations throughout history, from Romans to Ottomans. It is a country where you can experience authentic Eastern European culture, from folk music and dance to art and architecture.
If you’re a nature lover, Moldova will not disappoint. The country is home to an array of natural landscapes, including lush forests, rolling hills, and pristine lakes. The Orheiul Vechi Natural Cultural Reserve is a must-visit for its unique blend of historical landmarks and natural wonders.
One of the most enticing reasons to visit Moldova is its affordability. Compared to many Western European destinations, Moldova offers a budget-friendly travel experience without compromising on quality. From low-cost accommodations to reasonably priced fine dining, your money goes further here.
For travelers seeking an off-the-beaten-path experience, Moldova is ideal. Its relatively low tourist numbers mean you can explore the country’s attractions without the crowds, allowing for a more relaxed and personal experience.
Best Time to Visit
Spring is an ideal time to visit Moldova. From April to June, the weather is mild, and the landscape is covered in blooming flowers. It’s the perfect season for outdoor activities like hiking and cycling.
If you’re a fan of warm weather and vibrant festivals, consider visiting Moldova in the summer months of June to August. While temperatures can go up to 30°C, the abundant sunshine makes it a great time for exploring the countryside and enjoying the Black Sea beaches.
Autumn, from September to November, is another excellent period to visit Moldova, especially for wine lovers. The grape harvest season allows visitors to experience Moldova’s rich wine culture, including tours of famous vineyards.
Though cold, winter in Moldova has its own charm, especially around the Christmas season when the country’s markets and squares come alive with festivities. It’s the perfect time for those who enjoy a winter wonderland but without the throngs of tourists.
The capital city of Moldova, Chișinău, is a hub of activity and culture. With its array of museums, parks, and vibrant nightlife, it’s a must-see on any Moldovan itinerary.
Transnistria is a breakaway region that offers a unique glimpse into Soviet-era architecture and monuments. It’s like stepping back in time and provides an interesting contrast to the rest of Moldova.
This ancient complex features stunning cliffside monasteries and fascinating archeological sites. The natural beauty of the surrounding landscape makes Orheiul Vechi a must-visit spot for nature enthusiasts and history buffs alike.
Wineries and Vineyards
Moldova is renowned for its wine culture. Don’t miss a tour of the country’s wineries and vineyards, including Cricova and Milestii Mici, which are among the largest wine cellars in the world.
This well-preserved medieval fortress on the banks of the Dniester River provides panoramic views and a deep dive into Moldova’s turbulent history.
A small village known for the Saharna Monastery and a series of 22 waterfalls along the Saharna River, this site is perfect for those looking to combine spiritual discovery with natural beauty.
Another historical gem, Bender Fortress is located in the town of Bender near Transnistria. Originally built in the 16th century, this fortress offers a mix of architectural styles and is a testament to the various empires that once ruled Moldova.
One of the oldest monasteries in Moldova, Capriana is set in a peaceful forested area and represents the spiritual heritage of the country. Its exquisite frescoes and religious artifacts make it a serene place for reflection.
This autonomous region within Moldova provides a unique cultural experience, with its own Gagauz language and traditions. It’s particularly known for its hospitable people and folk art, offering a different flavor compared to the rest of the country.
Located in the southern part of Moldova, this vineyard is another great addition for wine enthusiasts. Offering a variety of local grape blends and stunning scenic views, Cobălcescu is perfect for a leisurely afternoon.
One of Europe’s largest cave monasteries, Tipova is not just a religious site but also a place of immense natural beauty. The nearby Tipova River and surrounding cliffs make it a favorite among both pilgrims and nature lovers.
The Pushkin Museum in Chișinău
Dedicated to the famous Russian poet Alexander Pushkin, this museum is set in a house where he spent three years in exile. It’s a fascinating visit for anyone interested in literature or history.
With such diverse attractions, Moldova offers a rich tapestry of experiences that cater to a wide range of interests, be it history, nature, or culture.
Traditional Moldovan Cuisine
A staple in Moldovan kitchens, Mămăligă is a cornmeal dish often compared to polenta. It’s versatile and can be served with cheese, sour cream, or as a side dish with stews.
These cabbage rolls are a festive dish typically enjoyed during holidays and special occasions. Filled with minced meat and rice and wrapped in cabbage or grape leaves, they are a delicious, hearty meal.
A beloved pastry in Moldova, Plăcintă can be filled with a variety of ingredients like cheese, potatoes, or fruits. Whether enjoyed as a snack or a dessert, its flaky crust and rich fillings are sure to delight.
A sour chicken soup flavored with lemon and garlic, Zama is a comforting dish especially popular in colder months. It often includes homemade noodles and is best enjoyed with a dollop of sour cream.
These are small, grilled sausages made from a blend of beef, lamb, and pork. Perfect for barbecues and outdoor events, Mici is a favorite among locals and visitors alike.
A hearty vegetable stew, Ghiveci includes a mix of peppers, tomatoes, carrots, and potatoes, often with added meat. It’s a one-pot wonder that showcases the fresh produce of Moldova.
These are Moldovan dumplings usually filled with fruit like sour cherries or plums. Often served as a dessert, they’re a sweet end to a Moldovan meal.
Moldovan cuisine is a blend of its various cultural influences, resulting in a rich and diverse culinary landscape. From hearty meat dishes to mouth-watering pastries, Moldova offers a range of flavors that are as diverse as its history and culture.
From luxury five-star hotels to budget-friendly options, Moldova’s accommodation scene has something for every traveler. In the capital, Chișinău, you’ll find a range of international hotel chains, whereas smaller towns offer local boutique hotels.
For a more intimate and local experience, consider staying in a guesthouse. Often family-run, these establishments offer personalized service and the opportunity to immerse yourself in Moldovan culture.
Ideal for backpackers and solo travelers, hostels are an affordable accommodation option. Most hostels offer both private rooms and dormitory-style lodging, often with communal kitchens and social areas.
Bed and Breakfasts
These small establishments offer a cozy atmosphere and usually include a homemade breakfast. You’ll find a range of bed and breakfasts in both urban and rural settings, offering a more authentic experience.
Platforms like Airbnb and Booking.com offer a wide variety of vacation rentals, from city apartments to countryside cottages. This is a great option for families or larger groups who prefer the comforts of a home-like setting.
For those interested in rural life and traditional culture, some farms and villages offer agrotourism accommodations. This allows guests to participate in local activities like grape harvesting or traditional cooking.
No matter your budget or preference, Moldova offers a range of accommodation options to ensure a comfortable and memorable stay.
It’s essential to know that the Moldovan Leu is the official currency. While credit and debit cards are widely accepted in urban areas, it’s advisable to carry cash when traveling to rural regions. Currency exchange services are available at airports, banks, and dedicated exchange offices.
Moldovan Leu current exchange rates
- 1000 MDL = $56.62 or $1 = 17.66 Moldovan Leu
- 1000 MDL = €52.01 or €1 = 19.23 Moldovan Leu
- 1000 MDL = 44.59 British Pounds
- 1000 MDL = 84.93 Australian Dollar
- 1000 MDL = 76.44 Canadian Dollar
- 1000 MDL = 590.70 Swedish Krona
- 1000 MDL = 225.06 Polish Zloty
- 1000 MDL = 1,262.95 Czech Koruna
- 1000 MDL = 73,272.30 South Korean Won
- 1000 MDL = 400.45 Chinese Yuan
- 1000 MDL = 8,313.93 Japanese Yen
Moldova’s public transportation is fairly extensive, especially in the capital city of Chișinău, where buses and minibuses (known as “rutiere”) are the main modes of transport. Tickets are inexpensive but do make sure to have small bills or coins for payment.
While Romanian is the official language, Russian is also widely spoken. English is becoming more common in tourist areas and among younger people, but it’s helpful to know some basic Romanian or Russian phrases for smoother communication.
Moldova is generally a safe country for tourists. However, like any other destination, it’s advisable to stay vigilant, especially in crowded areas or when traveling at night. Always keep an eye on your belongings and be cautious while using public transport.
Tipping is not obligatory in Moldova but is appreciated. In restaurants, it’s customary to leave around 10% of the bill if you’re satisfied with the service. For taxis, rounding up to the nearest Leu is standard.
Moldova offers a variety of local products worth taking home, from traditional crafts to wine. Be sure to visit local markets and specialized shops for authentic souvenirs. Note that bargaining is not common in stores but may be acceptable in open-air markets.
Wi-Fi is widely available in hotels, restaurants, and cafes, especially in larger cities. For constant connectivity, consider purchasing a local SIM card with data.
Travel insurance that covers medical emergencies is recommended. Tap water is generally safe to drink in urban areas but opting for bottled water is advised, especially in rural areas.
- Moldova Travel Official Website – The official tourism site of Moldova, offering comprehensive information on attractions, accommodations, and travel tips.
- Lonely Planet – Moldova – A reputable travel guide offering articles, tips, and itineraries for visiting Moldova.
- TripAdvisor – Moldova – User-generated reviews and recommendations on accommodations, restaurants, and attractions in Moldova.
- Skyscanner – A travel search engine to compare and book cheap flights to Moldova.
- Booking.com – Moldova – Offers a wide range of accommodation options, from hotels to guesthouses, with user reviews.
- Airbnb – Moldova – For those looking for vacation rentals or unique lodging experiences.
- Rome2rio – Provides various transportation options and routes within Moldova and to neighboring countries.
- Numbeo – Cost of Living in Moldova – Useful for budget planning, offers cost of living and consumer price information.
- CDC Travel Health Notices for Moldova – Offers health advice and vaccination recommendations for travelers to Moldova.
- Embassy of Moldova – Official website for visa and consular information for traveling to Moldova.
Moldova is a hidden gem in Eastern Europe, offering a diverse range of experiences that include rich history, stunning landscapes, and a unique culinary scene. Whether you’re an adventure seeker, a history buff, or a wine connoisseur, Moldova has something for everyone. With various accommodations to fit any budget and helpful travel tips to guide your journey, exploring Moldova has never been more accessible.