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Home » Mauritania: Your Ultimate Travel Guide to Adventure in West Africa » Best Time to Visit Mauritania in 2024 for Cultural Tours, Desert Exploration, and Birdwatching. Mauritania Weather Guide

Best Time to Visit Mauritania in 2024 for Cultural Tours, Desert Exploration, and Birdwatching. Mauritania Weather Guide

Best Time to Visit Mauritania

  • Optimal: November to March (cooler temperatures, ideal for outdoor activities).
  • For cultural tours: Year-round, with a focus on cooler months.
  • Other favorable times: September and October for the start of the migratory bird season.

Geography Facts

  • Location: Western Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean.
  • Area: 1,030,000 km².
  • Borders: Algeria, Mali, Senegal, and Western Sahara.
  • Landscape: Primarily desert (Sahara), with some central and southern grasslands.

Mauritania’s vast landscape is dominated by the Sahara Desert, making it a unique destination for desert adventures and cultural exploration. The coastal area, while not famed for traditional beach activities due to the harsh environment, offers significant birdwatching opportunities, especially in the Banc d’Arguin National Park.


Mauritania’s climate is primarily desert, characterized by extreme aridity and high temperatures, especially from May to September. The coastal region enjoys somewhat milder conditions due to oceanic influences.

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures. (c)

Monthly Weather Snapshot


  • Desert temperatures: Day at +25°C (77°F), Night at +13°C (55°F).
  • Coastal temperatures: Slightly cooler, around +23°C (73°F) during the day.
  • Wildlife activity: High, ideal for birdwatching in coastal regions.


  • Continued cool and dry: Ideal for visiting ancient cities like Ouadane and Chinguetti.
  • Day temperatures: +26°C (79°F), cooling at night to +14°C (57°F).
  • Cultural events: Check for local festivals in various towns.
Mauritania (c)


  • Beginning of warmer days: Desert temperatures can rise to +30°C (86°F) during the day.
  • Night temperatures: Around +16°C (61°F).
  • Ideal for desert tours: Early morning or late evening to avoid the midday sun.


  • Increasing heat: Not optimal for rigorous activities.
  • Temperatures: Reach up to +35°C (95°F) in the desert areas.
  • Less wildlife activity: due to rising temperatures.


  • Peak heat: Day temperatures in the desert can soar to +40°C (104°F).
  • Night temperatures: Maintain around +20°C (68°F).
  • Advised activities: Indoor cultural visits, museum tours in Nouakchott.


  • Continued extreme heat: Daytime temperatures can reach +42°C (108°F).
  • Desert tours: Recommended at night to experience the desert under the stars.
  • Coastal areas: Slightly cooler, good for early morning birdwatching.
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight. (c)


  • Intense summer: Peak daytime temperatures around +44°C (111°F).
  • Night temperatures: Can be uncomfortably hot, above +22°C (72°F).
  • Avoid outdoor activities: during peak heat hours.


  • Slightly beginning to cool: But still extremely hot with temperatures up to +43°C (109°F).
  • Possible sandstorms: Be prepared for sudden changes in weather.
  • Visit historical sites: in cooler morning or late afternoon hours.


  • Start of the cooling season: Temperatures begin to drop, making outdoor activities more feasible.
  • Bird migration season starts: Great time for birdwatching along the coast.
  • Temperatures: Range from +35°C (95°F) during the day to +23°C (73°F) at night.
Mauritania (c)


  • Further cooling: Ideal time for exploring the desert and attending cultural events.
  • Day temperatures: Around +33°C (91°F), night temperatures cool to +20°C (68°F).
  • Birdwatching peak: Especially in Banc d’Arguin.


  • Optimal travel time: Cool and comfortable weather conditions.
  • Temperatures: Pleasant at +28°C (82°F) during the day, +16°C (61°F) at night.
  • Ideal for road trips: Across the country’s diverse landscapes.


  • Cool and dry: Similar to November, excellent for all outdoor activities.
  • Day temperatures: Around +25°C (77°F), night temperatures +13°C (55°F).
  • Prepare for cool nights: Especially in desert areas.

Mauritania offers a unique blend of desert landscapes and rich cultural heritage, making it a fascinating destination throughout the year. However, the cooler months from November to March provide the most comfortable conditions for exploring the vast deserts and enjoying the thriving birdlife along the coast. Whether you’re seeking adventure in the sands or the serenity of a sunset over the dunes, Mauritania’s diverse offerings cater to a wide range of interests and activities.

Back to Mauritania’s Travel Guide

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