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Home » Luxembourg Travel Guide: Explore the Best of the Grand Duchy

Luxembourg Travel Guide: Explore the Best of the Grand Duchy

Nestled between Germany, France, and Belgium, Luxembourg yet captivating country has so much to offer, from its rich history and diverse culture to its stunning landscapes and world-class cuisine. Whether you’re a history buff, nature lover, or a foodie, our ultimate guide has you covered for an unforgettable Luxembourg adventure.

Why Visit Luxembourg?

Unique Culture

Luxembourg is a melting pot of cultures, seamlessly blending Germanic and Latin influences. This small nation has three official languages—Luxembourgish, French, and German—and a unique cultural heritage that’s apparent in everything from its architecture to its public festivals. It’s a country where medieval fortresses coexist with contemporary art galleries, making it a fascinating place to explore.

Scenic Beauty

Don’t let its small size fool you; Luxembourg is teeming with natural wonders. From the rolling hills of the Ardennes to the serene beauty of the Moselle River, the country offers an array of outdoor activities. Hike through dense forests, cycle along scenic routes, or simply take in the views—Luxembourg is a paradise for nature enthusiasts.

Great Food and Wine

Luxembourg’s culinary scene is as diverse as its culture. Here, you can enjoy everything from Michelin-starred French cuisine to hearty German dishes. Don’t forget to explore the Moselle wine region, known for its superb white wines and crémants (sparkling wines).

Quick Facts About Luxembourg

Location

Luxembourg is a landlocked country in Western Europe, bordered by Germany to the east, France to the south, and Belgium to the west and north. Its strategic location makes it a connecting point between Northern and Southern Europe.

Population

As of 2023, Luxembourg has a population of approximately 625,000 people. Despite its small size, the country is remarkably diverse, with a large percentage of residents being expatriates or descendants of immigrants.

Language

The country has three official languages: Luxembourgish, French, and German. Luxembourgish is used in everyday conversation and cultural expression, French is primarily used for legal documents, and German is often used in the media.

Currency

The currency in Luxembourg is the Euro (€), which is widely accepted across the country. Credit cards are also commonly used, and ATMs are readily available in urban areas.

Euro current exchange rates

  • 100 EUR = $108.12 or $1 = 0.92 Euro

Other currencies:

  • 100 EUR = 85.17 British Pounds
  • 100 EUR = 163.68 Australian Dollar
  • 100 EUR = 148.44 Canadian Dollar
  • 100 EUR = 1,162.34 Swedish Krona
  • 100 EUR = 426.30 Polish Zloty
  • 100 EUR = 2,473.41 Czech Koruna
  • 100 EUR = 147,859.40 South Korean Won
  • 100 EUR = 770.86 Chinese Yuan
  • 100 EUR = 16,968.62 Japanese Yen

How to Get to Luxembourg

By Air

Luxembourg is served by Luxembourg Airport (LUX), which is located just 6 kilometers from the capital city, Luxembourg City. The airport offers flights from several major European cities and a few long-haul destinations. Upon arrival, you can easily reach the city center via bus, taxi, or car rental services.

By Train

Luxembourg is well-connected to the European rail network, making it a convenient destination for travelers coming from neighboring countries like France, Belgium, and Germany. The country’s main railway station, Luxembourg Gare Centrale, is located in Luxembourg City and serves as a hub for both domestic and international routes.

By Car

If you prefer the freedom of driving, Luxembourg is easily accessible by car from its neighboring countries. The country has an excellent network of well-maintained highways and roads. It’s worth noting that Luxembourg has some of Europe’s cheapest fuel prices, making a road trip an appealing option.

Reaching Luxembourg is relatively straightforward, thanks to its excellent air, rail, and road connections. Choose the method that best suits your travel needs and get ready to explore all that this captivating country has to offer!

Best Time to Visit Luxembourg

Spring

Spring is a delightful time to visit Luxembourg, with blooming flowers and mild temperatures setting the stage for outdoor activities. This season sees fewer tourists, making it an ideal time for those looking to explore the country’s attractions without the crowds.

Luxembourg Travel Guide: Explore the Best of the Grand Duchy

Summer

Summer is the peak tourist season in Luxembourg, attracting visitors with its warm weather and a plethora of festivals and outdoor events. While this means some attractions may be busier, it’s the best time to enjoy outdoor dining, river cruises, and wine-tasting tours in the Moselle region.

Fall

Fall brings a romantic atmosphere to Luxembourg as the foliage turns into shades of orange and red. It’s a great time for hiking, especially in the Ardennes region, where the fall colors provide a stunning backdrop. The weather is still pleasant, although it can be a bit unpredictable, so it’s advisable to pack layers.

Winter

Winter in Luxembourg is relatively mild, with occasional snowfall adding a magical touch to the landscape. While it’s not a high season for tourism, it’s a wonderful time to enjoy Luxembourg’s Christmas markets and winter sports activities like skiing and snowboarding in the Ardennes.

Each season offers its own unique experiences, so consider what activities and climate suit your travel style when choosing the best time to visit Luxembourg.

Top Attractions in Luxembourg

Luxembourg City

The capital city is a must-visit, offering a blend of modernity and history. The UNESCO-listed Old Town is a maze of cobblestone streets, charming squares, and historic buildings. Don’t miss the Bock Casemates, a series of underground tunnels that have been used for various purposes over the centuries.

The Moselle Valley

Known for its terraced vineyards and wineries, the Moselle Valley is a haven for wine lovers. Take a leisurely cruise down the Moselle River, participate in wine-tasting sessions, or simply enjoy the scenic beauty of this region.

The Ardennes

Nature lovers should head to the Ardennes, a region of rolling hills, dense forests, and hidden valleys. It’s an ideal place for hiking, mountain biking, and wildlife spotting. The region is also home to several castles, including Vianden Castle and Clervaux Castle, which house museums and offer stunning views.

Vianden Castle

Perched atop a hill overlooking the town of Vianden, this medieval castle is one of Luxembourg’s most iconic landmarks. Take a guided tour to learn about its history, or visit during the annual Medieval Festival for a truly immersive experience.

From the bustling city life to the serene landscapes, Luxembourg offers a variety of top attractions to suit all interests. Whether you’re an adventurer, a history buff, or someone who just wants to relax and take in the scenery, you’ll find plenty to see and do in this fascinating country.

Things to Do in Luxembourg

Sightseeing

From the Grand Ducal Palace in Luxembourg City to the quaint villages scattered throughout the country, there’s no shortage of sights to behold. Consider taking a guided tour or simply wander on your own to discover hidden gems.

Hiking and Outdoor Activities

Luxembourg’s varied landscapes provide countless opportunities for outdoor adventures. Whether it’s hiking through the Müllerthal region—often referred to as “Little Switzerland”—or kayaking down the Sauer River, nature enthusiasts will find plenty to do.

Wine Tasting

A trip to Luxembourg would be incomplete without sampling its wines, particularly from the Moselle Valley. Many wineries offer tours and tastings, giving you a chance to savor the local flavors and learn about the wine-making process.

Shopping

Luxembourg offers a unique shopping experience that blends tradition with modernity. In Luxembourg City, you’ll find an array of high-end boutiques, while local markets offer handmade crafts and local produce. Don’t miss the opportunity to buy some local Luxembourgish souvenirs!

Whether your idea of a perfect vacation involves exploring historical landmarks, enjoying nature, indulging in gastronomic delights, or shopping for unique gifts, Luxembourg has a diverse range of activities to offer. Your journey can be as laid-back or as action-packed as you want it to be.

Where to Stay in Luxembourg

Luxury Hotels

For those looking to indulge in the finer things, Luxembourg offers a range of luxury hotels with top-notch amenities. Many of these establishments are situated in central locations, providing easy access to attractions, shopping, and dining.

Mid-range Hotels

Travelers seeking a comfortable yet budget-friendly accommodation option can choose from a variety of mid-range hotels. These typically offer a good balance between cost and comfort, often featuring amenities like free Wi-Fi, breakfast, and convenient locations near major attractions or transportation hubs.

Budget Accommodations

Budget travelers aren’t left out either. Hostels, guesthouses, and budget hotels provide the basic amenities you’ll need for a comfortable stay. Many of these are found in less touristy areas, offering an authentic experience and the opportunity to explore the local culture.

No matter your budget or travel style, Luxembourg offers a wide array of accommodation options to fit your needs. Whether you’re staying for a weekend or extending your visit, you’ll find a place that makes you feel at home while you explore this charming country.

Luxembourg Cuisine and Dining

Traditional Dishes

Luxembourg’s cuisine is deeply rooted in its Germanic and Latin influences, resulting in a mix of hearty and refined dishes. Must-try traditional dishes include “Judd mat Gaardebounen,” a smoked pork neck served with broad beans, and “Bouneschlupp,” a green bean soup with potatoes, bacon, and onions.

Local Produce

Luxembourg takes pride in its local produce, ranging from fresh fruits and vegetables to high-quality meats and dairy. The country’s fertile lands contribute to the richness and variety of its culinary offerings. When dining out, look for menus that feature seasonal and locally sourced ingredients for an authentic experience.

Wine and Beverages

The Moselle Valley is Luxembourg’s prime wine region, known for its crisp whites and sparkling crémants. When dining out, consider pairing your meal with a local wine to fully appreciate the flavors of Luxembourg. Apart from wine, Luxembourg also produces some noteworthy beers and spirits, such as the herbal liqueur known as “Genever.”

Desserts and Sweets

Luxembourg has a range of delightful desserts, many of which are deeply rooted in local tradition. “Quetscheflued,” a plum tart, is a seasonal favorite, while “Verwurrelt Gedanken,” twisted fried dough, is often enjoyed during Carnival season.

The dining scene in Luxembourg is as varied as its cultural influences, offering something for every palate. Whether you’re sampling traditional dishes or exploring modern interpretations of Luxembourgish cuisine, your taste buds are in for a treat.

Travel Tips and Safety

Transportation

Public transport in Luxembourg is efficient, clean, and punctual. What’s more, as of 2020, all public transport (buses, trams, and trains) within the country is free! However, if you prefer a private mode of transportation, taxis and car rentals are readily available.

Local Laws and Customs

Being respectful of local laws and customs is crucial when traveling. Smoking is prohibited in public areas and most indoor spaces. Also, tipping is not obligatory but is a nice gesture for good service.

Health and Medical Services

Medical services in Luxembourg are of a high standard but can be expensive for non-residents. Travel insurance that includes health coverage is highly recommended. Pharmacies are well-stocked, and many pharmacists speak English.

Safety

Luxembourg is considered one of the safest countries in Europe. However, it’s always wise to take basic safety precautions. Avoid secluded areas at night and keep an eye on your belongings, especially in touristy spots.

Communication

Though Luxembourg has three official languages, English is widely understood, especially in tourist areas and among younger people. Still, learning a few basic phrases in Luxembourgish, French, or German can go a long way in making your trip more enjoyable.

Useful Websites

  • Visit Luxembourg – The official tourism site of Luxembourg, offering comprehensive information on attractions, activities, and accommodations.
  • Luxembourg Public Transport – A one-stop website for all your public transport needs, including timetables, routes, and maps.
  • TripAdvisor Luxembourg – A platform to read and compare reviews, tips, and photos from other travelers about hotels, attractions, and restaurants in Luxembourg.
  • Culture Trip Luxembourg – A great resource for discovering the culture and local experiences in Luxembourg, from food to art to outdoor activities.
  • The Guardian’s Travel Guide on Luxembourg – Articles, tips, and guides about Luxembourg from a well-regarded news source, offering a different perspective on travel.
  • Luxembourg Airport – Official website of Luxembourg Airport, providing flight information, services, and travel tips.
  • Booking.com: Hotels in Luxembourg – A convenient platform for comparing and booking accommodations across different price ranges.
  • Lonely Planet Luxembourg – Travel advice and tips from one of the most trusted names in travel, covering a range of topics from itineraries to safety.
  • Wikitravel Luxembourg – A community-driven travel guide that provides general information about traveling in Luxembourg, including local customs and practical tips.
  • Rail Europe Luxembourg – Information and booking options for train travel to and within Luxembourg.

From its rich history and diverse cultural landscape to its stunning natural beauty and world-class amenities, Luxembourg offers a unique blend of experiences that make it a must-visit destination. Whether you’re an adventurer at heart, a history buff, or simply someone looking to unwind in a serene setting, Luxembourg has something for everyone. With efficient public transportation, a range of accommodation options, and delicious cuisine, your trip to this captivating country promises to be both enjoyable and memorable.

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