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Home » Holy See: The Insider’s Travel Guide to Vatican Treasures » Best Time to Visit Rome and Vatican City in 2024: Cultural Tours, Religious Sites, and Historical Exploration. Rome and Vatican City Weather Guide

Best Time to Visit Rome and Vatican City in 2024: Cultural Tours, Religious Sites, and Historical Exploration. Rome and Vatican City Weather Guide

Best Time to Visit Rome and Vatican City

  • Optimal for sightseeing: April, May, September, and October (pleasant weather and fewer tourists).
  • Peak tourist season: June to August (hotter but vibrant).
  • Cultural and religious tours: March and April for Easter celebrations, and December for Christmas.

Geography facts

  • Location: Southern Europe, central-western part of the Italian Peninsula, within Lazio region.
  • Area: Rome – 1,285 km²; Vatican City – 0.44 km² (smallest independent state in the world).
  • Borders: Rome is bordered by the Tyrrhenian Sea to the west, Vatican City is an independent city-state within Rome.
  • Landscape: Predominantly hilly, with the Tiber river running through the city.

Rome, the capital of Italy, and Vatican City, the heart of the Catholic Church, are steeped in history and culture. From ancient ruins to Renaissance art, the region is a treasure trove for explorers.


  • Mediterranean climate: Hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters.
  • Best for outdoor activities and sightseeing: Late spring and early autumn, when the weather is warm and pleasant.
The daily range of reported temperatures (gray bars) and 24-hour highs (red ticks) and lows (blue ticks), placed over the daily average high (faint red line) and low (faint blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. (c)

Monthly Weather Snapshot


  • Weather: Cool and damp; average temperatures: 3°C to 12°C (37°F to 54°F).
  • Activities: Indoor attractions like the Vatican Museums and the Colosseum.
  • Festivals: New Year’s Day and Epiphany celebrations.


  • Weather: Slightly warmer; average temperatures: 3°C to 13°C (37°F to 55°F).
  • Activities: Explore historical sites without the crowds, such as the Pantheon and Roman Forum.
  • Events: Valentine’s Day in the romantic settings of Rome.
Rome during winter (c)


  • Weather: Beginning of spring; temperatures range from 6°C to 17°C (43°F to 63°F).
  • Activities: Outdoor sightseeing, visiting St. Peter’s Basilica, and Easter celebrations.
  • Note: Crowds begin to increase towards the end of the month.


  • Weather: Mild and pleasant; average temperatures: 8°C to 19°C (46°F to 66°F).
  • Activities: Perfect for visiting the Spanish Steps, Trevi Fountain, and outdoor Roman ruins.
  • Events: Easter related events and spring festivities.


  • Weather: Warm; average temperatures: 13°C to 24°C (55°F to 75°F).
  • Activities: Ideal for visiting the Vatican Gardens and Rome’s many parks.
  • Events: May Day celebrations.


  • Weather: Hot; average temperatures: 17°C to 28°C (63°F to 82°F).
  • Activities: Night tours of the city, exploring Trastevere’s vibrant nightlife.
  • Events: Feast of St. Peter and St. Paul.
The hourly reported temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight. (c)


  • Weather: Very hot; average temperatures: 20°C to 31°C (68°F to 88°F).
  • Activities: Early morning or late evening visits to historic sites, relaxing in Villa Borghese.
  • Events: Festa de’ Noantri in Trastevere.


  • Weather: Peak heat; average temperatures: 20°C to 31°C (68°F to 88°F).
  • Activities: Less crowded Vatican and Rome sights, due to local holiday exodus.
  • Events: Ferragosto (Assumption Day).


  • Weather: Begins to cool; average temperatures: 17°C to 27°C (63°F to 81°F).
  • Activities: Ideal for exploring outdoor sites like the Roman Forum and Palatine Hill.
  • Events: Roma Europa Festival for cultural events.
Rainy Vatican City (c)


  • Weather: Mild; average temperatures: 13°C to 23°C (55°F to 73°F).
  • Activities: Visiting the Vatican Museums, Sistine Chapel, and other indoor attractions.
  • Events: Rome Film Festival.


  • Weather: Cooler and wetter; average temperatures: 8°C to 17°C (46°F to 63°F).
  • Activities: Less crowded visits to museums and churches, wine tasting in local enotecas.
  • Events: Feast of St. Cecilia in Trastevere.


  • Weather: Chilly; average temperatures: 4°C to 12°C (39°F to 54°F).
  • Activities: Christmas markets, midnight Mass at St. Peter’s Basilica.
  • Events: Christmas and New Year’s Eve celebrations.

Visiting Rome and Vatican City offers a year-round journey through history, art, and spirituality. The best times to visit, particularly April to October, balance pleasant weather with cultural richness. The shoulder seasons (April-May and September-October) provide the perfect climate for exploring the outdoor ancient sites and enjoying the city’s vibrant life without the peak season crowds. Whether it’s the solemnity of Holy Week, the summer’s lively streets, or the festive winter season, Rome and Vatican City present a timeless allure.

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