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Home » Eritrea: Land of Contrasts and Culture – The In-depth Travel Guide » Best Time to Visit Eritrea in 2024 for Cultural Tours, Wildlife Safaris, and Diving. Eritrea’s Weather Guide

Best Time to Visit Eritrea in 2024 for Cultural Tours, Wildlife Safaris, and Diving. Eritrea’s Weather Guide

Best Time to Visit Eritrea

  • Optimal: November to March (cooler temperatures and clear skies).
  • For diving and beaches: December to February offer the clearest water visibility.
  • Other favorable months: April and October for wildlife safaris and cultural tours with mild weather.

Geography facts

  • Location: Horn of Africa, bordering the Red Sea.
  • Area: 117,600 km².
  • Borders: Sudan, Ethiopia, Djibouti.
  • Landscape: Central highlands, western lowlands, eastern coastal plains. Highest point: Soira mountain at 3,018 meters.

Eritrea’s diverse landscape encompasses rugged mountains, vast deserts, and a lengthy Red Sea coastline, offering unique experiences from diving in coral reefs to exploring ancient ruins and enjoying wildlife safaris in the western lowlands.


  • Length: 2,234 km.
  • Seas: Red Sea.
  • Description: Home to pristine beaches and some of the world’s most spectacular coral reefs, ideal for diving and snorkeling.


  • Coastal areas: Arid, hot year-round.
  • Highlands: Temperate climate, cooler and more rainfall.
  • Western lowlands: Hot and semi-arid.
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures. (c)

Monthly Weather Snapshot


  • Cool in highlands: 15°C (59°F) to 25°C (77°F).
  • Coastal areas hot: 25°C (77°F) to 35°C (95°F).
  • Ideal for cultural tours in Asmara and Massawa.


  • Mild weather continues; perfect for exploring archaeological sites.
  • Coastal diving is excellent with water temperatures around 25°C (77°F).
  • Highlands are cooler, offering pleasant hiking conditions.


  • Start of the hot season in lowlands and coast: up to 40°C (104°F).
  • Last month for comfortable highland visits: 17°C (63°F) to 27°C (81°F).
  • Great for last-chance wildlife safaris before the heat sets in.
Eritrea (c)


  • Beginning of the hot season across most regions.
  • High temperatures discourage most activities except early morning or late evening.
  • Wildlife is easier to spot at water sources.


  • Peak heat in lowlands and coastal areas: above 40°C (104°F).
  • Not recommended for outdoor activities unless on the coast for early morning dives.
  • Nights slightly cooler, but still very warm.


  • Start of the rainy season in the highlands; cooler temperatures.
  • Coastal areas remain very hot and dry.
  • Limited tourism activities due to extreme heat.
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight. (c)


  • Rainy season in highlands, with daily showers cooling down the area.
  • Coast and lowlands: persistently hot.
  • Highlands become green and lush, perfect for scenic drives.


  • Peak of the rainy season in highlands; spectacular green landscapes.
  • Coastal and lowland areas: continued high temperatures.
  • Some roads in the highlands may be impassable due to rain.


  • End of the rainy season; the best time for highland tours begins.
  • Coastal diving visibility begins to improve as the sea calms.
  • Temperatures start to decrease slightly in coastal and lowland regions.
Rainy Season Eritrea (c) in


  • Excellent month for wildlife safaris as animals gather around water sources.
  • Diving conditions improve with clearer waters.
  • Highland areas offer comfortable climate for outdoor activities.


  • Ideal time for cultural tours with cooler temperatures nationwide.
  • Diving at its best with clear waters and rich marine life visibility.
  • Start of the dry season in highlands with comfortable temperatures.


  • Best month for beach activities and diving along the Red Sea coast.
  • Cool and dry across the country; perfect for exploring cities and archaeological sites.
  • Highland areas offer temperate weather, ideal for hiking and enjoying the scenery.

Visiting Eritrea offers a rich tapestry of experiences, from the archeological wonders in the highlands to the vibrant marine life of the Red Sea. Timing your visit can enhance these experiences, making Eritrea a year-round destination with something unique to offer in every season.

Back to Eritrea’s Travel Guide

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