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Home » Explore Burundi: A Comprehensive Travel Guide to the Heart of Africa

Explore Burundi: A Comprehensive Travel Guide to the Heart of Africa

Burundi is often overshadowed by its more famous neighbors, but those who venture to this tranquil nation will discover a wealth of beauty, culture, and adventure. From the vibrant capital city of Bujumbura to the stunning landscapes that surround Lake Tanganyika, Burundi is a destination that is waiting to be explored.

Why Visit Burundi?

Stunning Landscapes

Burundi’s topography is incredibly diverse, offering lush green hills, expansive savannahs, dense forests, and breathtaking lake views. The country’s geographical variety provides a unique backdrop for both adventure and relaxation.

Rich Culture and Heritage

Burundi’s cultural tapestry is rich and intricate. From traditional drumming performances to local art and crafts, the cultural experiences in Burundi are a vibrant testament to its history and heritage. Engaging with the local communities offers an insight into the traditions that are woven into the fabric of everyday life.

Unique Wildlife

Home to national parks and reserves, Burundi is an exciting destination for wildlife enthusiasts. Explore Rusizi National Park to witness hippos, crocodiles, and various bird species, or venture to Kibira National Park to observe monkeys and other forest creatures in their natural habitat.

Travel Essentials for Burundi

Embarking on a journey to Burundi? Ensuring a smooth trip begins with proper preparation. While the allure of Burundi’s landscapes and culture is undeniable, understanding the practical aspects of traveling to this unique African destination is equally essential. Here are some key pointers and travel essentials to keep in mind:

Visas and Documentation

For most travelers, obtaining a visa is a prerequisite to entering Burundi. Ensure you check your country’s specific requirements:

  • Tourist Visas: Typically valid for 30 days and can often be extended.
  • Business Visas: If you’re traveling for work or attending conferences.
  • Transit Visas: For those passing through Burundi en route to another destination.

Always keep a photocopy or digital copy of your passport, visa, and other essential documents stored separately from the originals.

Health and Safety

Prevention is better than cure:

  • Vaccinations: Consult with a travel clinic or your physician about recommended vaccinations, including Yellow Fever, Hepatitis A, and Typhoid.
  • Malaria Prevention: Malaria is prevalent in Burundi. Carry prophylactic medications, use insect repellent, and sleep under a mosquito net.
  • Travel Insurance: Ensure comprehensive travel and medical insurance to cover potential emergencies, including medical evacuation.

When in Burundi, always drink bottled or boiled water, and avoid consuming street food that hasn’t been cooked thoroughly or that has been exposed to flies.

Currency and Costs

  • Official Currency: Burundi’s official currency is the Burundian Franc (BIF). While some establishments in Bujumbura might accept US Dollars or Euros, it’s advisable to have local currency for everyday transactions.
  • ATMs and Banks: ATMs are available in Bujumbura and some other major towns. However, not all international cards may be compatible. It’s wise to notify your bank of your travel dates.
  • Budgeting: Costs in Burundi can vary. While local cuisine and accommodations might be budget-friendly, imported goods and luxury stays can be pricier.

Burundian Franc current exchange rates

  • 100 BIF = $0.03 or $1 = 2,875.00 Burundian Franc
  • 100 BIF = €0.03 or €1 = 3,110.32 Burundian Franc

Other currencies:

  • 100 BIF = 0.03 British Pounds
  • 100 BIF = 0.05 Australian Dollar
  • 100 BIF = 0.05 Canadian Dollar
  • 100 BIF = 0.37 Swedish Krona
  • 100 BIF = 0.14 Polish Zloty
  • 100 BIF = 0.80 Czech Koruna
  • 100 BIF = 47.54 South Korean Won
  • 100 BIF = 0.25 Chinese Yuan
  • 100 BIF = 5.46 Japanese Yen


  • Languages: Kirundi is the official language, but French and English are also widely spoken, especially in urban areas and by officials.
  • Local SIM: For staying connected, consider purchasing a local SIM card upon arrival.

Respect Local Customs

While Burundians are generally hospitable and warm, it’s important to respect local customs and traditions. Avoid photographing government buildings or military sites, dress modestly when visiting religious or rural areas, and always ask for permission before taking photos of locals.

Top Attractions in Burundi

Burundi’s unique charm and scenic beauty are captured in its array of attractions. Whether you’re an adventurer seeking thrills, a nature lover in pursuit of tranquility, or a culture enthusiast, Burundi offers something special. Here’s a list of top attractions that should be on your travel itinerary:

Bujumbura’s Vibrant City Life

Bujumbura, the capital city, offers a blend of urban excitement and serene landscapes. Spend a day exploring:

  • Living Museum: An interactive experience showcasing Burundi’s natural and cultural heritage.
  • Saga Beach: A popular spot for relaxation along the shores of Lake Tanganyika.
  • Central Market: Dive into the bustling local scene with an array of crafts, food, and traditional clothing.

Rusizi National Park

For wildlife lovers, Rusizi National Park is a must-visit. The park is home to:

  • Hippos and Crocodiles: Witness them in their natural habitat in the Rusizi River.
  • Bird Watching: With over 200 bird species, it’s a haven for bird enthusiasts.
  • Scenic Drives: Take a guided tour for breathtaking views of landscapes and wildlife.

Lake Tanganyika

Lake Tanganyika is the world’s second-deepest freshwater lake, and its crystal-clear waters and beautiful surroundings are truly mesmerizing:

  • Water Sports: Kayaking, sailing, and snorkeling offer unique perspectives of the lake’s vibrant ecosystem.
  • Beach Relaxation: Enjoy the pristine sandy beaches that dot the lake’s shores.
  • Fishing Expeditions: Experience traditional fishing techniques with local fishermen.

Local Markets and Crafts

Immerse yourself in Burundi’s rich cultural heritage by exploring local markets. Highlights include:

  • Gitega Market: Renowned for its handicrafts, including pottery, wood carvings, and woven baskets.
  • Artisanal Workshops: Join local artisans for hands-on workshops to learn traditional crafting skills.

Gishora Drum Sanctuary

The drum is a central symbol in Burundian culture. Gishora Drum Sanctuary provides a window into this tradition:

  • Drum Performances: Witness captivating royal drum performances.
  • Cultural Insight: Learn about the history and significance of drumming in Burundi.

Kibira National Park

Another natural wonder, Kibira National Park is perfect for those who want to be surrounded by lush forest and diverse wildlife:

  • Hiking Trails: Explore guided trails through montane rainforests, home to various primate species.
  • Hot Springs: Visit the natural thermal springs and enjoy the therapeutic properties of the warm waters.

These attractions encapsulate the heart and soul of Burundi, offering diverse experiences that connect you with nature, tradition, and the welcoming spirit of the Burundian people. No matter what sparks your curiosity or wanderlust, Burundi’s top attractions are sure to leave you with lasting memories and a desire to return.

Burundian Cuisine

One of the most enriching ways to experience a country’s culture is through its cuisine, and Burundi is no exception. Burundian food is a delightful fusion of flavors, textures, and local ingredients that tell a story of the land and its people. Here’s a guide to the culinary landscape of Burundi:

Traditional Dishes

Burundian cuisine relies heavily on staple foods like beans, corn, and cassava. Some must-try traditional dishes include:

  • Isombe: A dish made with cassava leaves cooked with palm oil and often served with meat or fish.
  • Boko-Boko: A tasty stew made with hulled wheat, goat meat, and groundnuts.
  • Akabenz: A popular street food consisting of fried pork served with spicy sauces and plantains.

Must-try Street Foods

Street food in Burundi offers delicious and affordable options:

  • Brochettes: Skewered and grilled meat, usually served with plantains or ugali (a maize porridge).
  • Sambaza: Small, fried fish from Lake Tanganyika, often served as a tasty snack or appetizer.
  • Fruits and Juices: Fresh tropical fruits like pineapple, papaya, and passion fruit are abundant and often made into refreshing juices.

Vegetarian Options

While meat is a common component in Burundian meals, vegetarian options are available:

  • Bean Stews: Beans are a staple and are often prepared in flavorful stews.
  • Grilled Plantains: A popular side dish that can be a satisfying vegetarian option.

Local Beverages

Don’t miss out on local beverages:

  • Urwagwa: A traditional banana wine, often homemade and shared at gatherings.
  • Ikivuguto: A fermented milk that is a common accompaniment to meals.
  • Tea and Coffee: Burundi produces some of the world’s finest teas and coffees, so be sure to sample them during your stay.


Finding the right place to stay is an essential part of any travel experience, and in Burundi, you’ll find a range of accommodations that cater to various preferences and budgets. Here’s a general guide to help you choose the best option for your trip:


Burundi’s cities, particularly Bujumbura, offer a selection of hotels that range from luxury to budget-friendly:

  • Luxury Hotels: For those seeking comfort and upscale amenities, there are several high-end hotels offering pools, spas, and fine dining.
  • Mid-range Hotels: Offering a balance of comfort and affordability, these options often include essential amenities like Wi-Fi, air conditioning, and on-site restaurants.
  • Budget Hotels: For travelers looking to save, budget hotels provide basic facilities at a lower cost.

Guesthouses and Lodges

If you prefer a more intimate and local experience:

  • Guesthouses: Often run by families, guesthouses provide a homey environment and a chance to engage with local culture.
  • Lodges: Particularly near natural attractions like national parks, lodges offer rustic charm and proximity to outdoor activities.

Hostels and Backpacker Accommodations

For solo travelers, backpackers, or those on a tight budget:

  • Hostels: These provide shared rooms, communal spaces, and often organize social events, creating opportunities to meet fellow travelers.


For a more leisurely and secluded experience, consider:

  • Lake Resorts: Situated near Lake Tanganyika, these offer beautiful views, beach access, and a variety of recreational activities.

Vacation Rentals and Apartments

For those preferring privacy and the comforts of home:

  • Vacation Rentals: Rented apartments or homes are available for longer stays, offering the chance to live like a local.

Important Considerations

  • Location: Consider proximity to attractions, transportation, dining, and safety, especially when staying in urban areas.
  • Booking Platforms: Online platforms can provide detailed descriptions, photos, and reviews to help you choose.
  • Special Requirements: If you have specific needs such as accessibility features, inquire ahead of booking.
  • Payment Methods: Clarify payment options, as some places might prefer or only accept cash.

In Burundi, you’ll find accommodations that can make your stay comfortable, enjoyable, and aligned with your travel goals. Whether you’re looking for luxury pampering, cultural immersion, or a budget-friendly base for exploration, understanding the variety of choices will help you make an informed decision and enhance your overall experience in this captivating country.

Travel Tips and Practical Information

Whether you’re a seasoned traveler or embarking on your first adventure to Burundi, having practical information and handy travel tips can ensure a smoother and more enjoyable experience. Here are some key insights to help you navigate your way through Burundi:

Safety Considerations

  • Local Laws and Regulations: Familiarize yourself with Burundi’s laws and customs to avoid unintentional offenses.
  • Emergency Contacts: Keep local emergency numbers, including the nearest embassy or consulate, handy.
  • Avoid Risky Areas: Certain areas may have safety concerns. Consult travel advisories and local authorities for updated information.


  • Public Transport: Public buses and shared taxis are common but can be crowded. Routes and schedules may vary.
  • Car Rentals: If you prefer flexibility, consider renting a car. However, be aware of local driving conditions and requirements.
  • Airport Transfers: Arrange for reliable airport transfers through your accommodation or a reputable service.

Weather and Clothing

  • Climate: Burundi has a tropical highland climate. Bring clothing suitable for warm days and cooler nights.
  • Rainy Seasons: If traveling during the rainy seasons (February to May and September to November), pack waterproofs and sturdy shoes.


  • Internet Access: Wi-Fi is available in many hotels, restaurants, and cafes in cities. Rural areas may have limited connectivity.
  • Local SIM Cards: Consider purchasing a local SIM for more reliable mobile data and local calls.


  • Communication: While Kirundi is the official language, French and English are widely understood in urban areas and tourist spots. Learning a few basic phrases in Kirundi can be appreciated.

Shopping and Bargaining

  • Local Markets: These are great for souvenirs and traditional crafts. Bargaining is common, so don’t hesitate to negotiate prices.
  • Currency: Carry sufficient local currency, especially when shopping in markets or rural areas, as cards may not be accepted.

Health Precautions

  • Medical Facilities: While there are hospitals and clinics, especially in cities, carry essential medications and a basic first-aid kit.
  • Food and Water Safety: Stick to well-cooked meals and bottled or treated water to avoid potential health issues.

Cultural Sensitivity

  • Photography Etiquette: Always ask for permission before photographing people or private property.
  • Dress Code: Respect local customs by dressing modestly, especially in rural or religious sites.

Environmental Responsibility

  • Sustainable Travel: Be mindful of your environmental impact. Consider using reusable water bottles, supporting local businesses, and respecting wildlife and natural sites.

Burundi is a country with so much to offer, but like any travel destination, it comes with its unique set of characteristics and considerations. Being informed and respectful of local customs and conditions will not only enhance your travel experience but also foster a positive connection with the people and places you encounter. With these travel tips in hand, you’re well-equipped to embark on an unforgettable journey to explore the beauty and richness of Burundi.

Useful Websites

Burundi, with its rich cultural heritage, stunning natural landscapes, and warm hospitality, offers an unexplored treasure for the intrepid traveler. From the bustling streets of Bujumbura to the tranquil shores of Lake Tanganyika, a journey through Burundi is an invitation to discover a land filled with diverse attractions and flavors. Whether you’re seeking adventure, relaxation, or a taste of authentic African life, this guide equips you with the essential insights and resources to make the most of your Burundian experience. Embrace the adventure, savor the cuisine, and immerse yourself in the vibrant traditions that make Burundi a unique and rewarding destination.

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