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Belarus: A Complete Travel Guide

If the idea of exploring a destination that’s rich in history and culture, yet relatively untrodden by the typical tourist appeals to you, Belarus should top your travel list. It offers tranquil nature escapes, extraordinary wildlife, fascinating historical sites, and a captivating culture.

Visitors to Belarus are often struck by the warm hospitality of its people. The Belarusians are proud of their cultural heritage and traditions, and they eagerly share these experiences with guests.


Introduction to Belarus

Belarus, a country situated in Eastern Europe, is often overlooked by many travelers. But those who venture into this hidden gem discover a world of timeless charm, rich traditions, and diverse landscapes.

Geographically, Belarus is landlocked, bordered by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest. Despite its central location in Europe, Belarus is one of the continent’s lesser-explored countries.

Belarus spans an area of approximately 207,600 square kilometers and is home to about 9.5 million people. Its largest and most populous city, Minsk, serves as the country’s capital.

The country is renowned for its rich historical heritage, with well-preserved castles, grand fortresses, and WWII-war memorials dotting the land. However, Belarus is not stuck in the past; it’s a place where history and modernity blend seamlessly. Among the medieval architecture, you’ll find bustling cityscapes, innovative tech hubs, and contemporary art scenes.

Belarus’s natural beauty is no less impressive. A significant portion of the country is covered by lush forests, which are home to a diverse range of wildlife. Four national parks and more than a hundred nature reserves protect its exceptional biodiversity, making it a paradise for nature enthusiasts.

Rahachow District, Belarus
Rahachow District, Belarus (c) Wikimedia

The Belarusian culture is a melting pot of influences from its neighboring countries, yet it has a distinct identity. From traditional folk music and dance to an exciting gastronomic scene, you’ll find expressions of the country’s spirit and lifestyle at every turn.

Top Cities to Explore in Belarus

Belarus, despite its relatively small size, is home to several cities, each offering a unique perspective of the country’s rich history, culture, and natural beauty. Here are the top cities that you must include in your Belarus travel itinerary.

Minsk – The Modern Capital

Minsk, the capital of Belarus, is a vibrant city that beautifully encapsulates the spirit of the country. It’s a city where the old and the new converge harmoniously. The city’s architectural landscape is a mixture of Soviet-era buildings, modern high-rises, and historical structures. Key attractions include Independence Square, the monumental KGB Headquarters, the Holy Spirit Cathedral, and the impressive National Library of Belarus. Don’t miss exploring the Trinity Suburb, the oldest surviving district of Minsk, boasting charming houses and cobbled streets.

Church of Saints Simon and Helena.
Church of Saints Simon and Helena. (c) Photocredit:

Brest – A City of Rich History

Located near the Polish border, Brest is one of the oldest cities in Belarus and is steeped in history. It houses the Brest Fortress, a massive complex recognized for its significant role during World War II. Walking through the fortress, you’ll get a sense of the city’s resilient past. Beyond its historical sites, Brest is also known for its vibrant shopping street, Sovetskaya Street, lined with shops, restaurants, and cafes.

Grodno – A Taste of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Grodno is another gem in Belarus that’s worth visiting. This city was once part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and its architectural style reflects this rich past. The city’s architectural highlights include the Grodno Castle and St. Francis Xavier Cathedral. Furthermore, Grodno is the gateway to Augustow Canal Park – a unique hydraulic-engineering ensemble of the 19th century.

Vitebsk – The Cultural Hub

Vitebsk is widely recognized as the cultural capital of Belarus. It was the birthplace of Marc Chagall, the famous painter, whose house has now been turned into a museum. Every summer, the city holds the Slavianski Bazaar, a festival celebrating Slavic music and arts, attracting artists and visitors from all around the world.

Gomel – The City of Parks

Gomel is the second-largest city in Belarus, known for its tranquil vibe and beautiful parks. The Gomel Palace and Park Ensemble is a must-visit, featuring a palace, chapel, and a large park with swan-filled ponds. It’s an ideal city for those looking to unwind and relax amid nature without straying too far from urban conveniences.

Exploring these cities gives you a broad perspective of Belarus, from its eventful history and rich culture to its contemporary life and natural allure. Each city has a unique tale to tell, and together, they weave the fascinating narrative of Belarus.

Popular Attractions in Belarus

Beyond its cities, Belarus is home to an array of attractions that reveal the country’s natural beauty, rich history, and cultural significance. Here are some must-visit attractions that should not be missed during your visit to Belarus.

Belavezhskaya Pushcha National Park

Belavezhskaya Pushcha National Park, one of Europe’s largest primeval forests, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The park is renowned for its ancient oak trees, some of which are over 600 years old, and its diverse wildlife, including the iconic European bison.

Nesvizh Castle

A visit to Belarus would not be complete without exploring the Nesvizh Castle, another UNESCO World Heritage Site. This impressive fortress was the residential castle of the Radziwiłł family and reflects the architectural and cultural influence they had over the region. The castle, surrounded by a beautiful park, houses a museum and hosts cultural events.

Bialowieza Forest

Straddling the border between Belarus and Poland, the Bialowieza Forest is another must-visit for nature lovers. This UNESCO World Heritage Site is one of the last and largest remaining parts of the immense primeval forest that once spread across the European Plain. It is also home to the continent’s heaviest land animal, the European bison.

Mir Castle

The Mir Castle complex is a unique monument of Belarusian architecture, a UNESCO World Heritage site, combining the features of a medieval fortress and a Baroque and Renaissance palace. This 16th-century castle is surrounded by a picturesque pond and a landscaped garden, making it a perfect spot for history enthusiasts and nature lovers alike.

Dudutki Open Air Museum

Experience traditional Belarusian life at the Dudutki Open Air Museum. Here, you can discover traditional crafts, taste local food and drinks, and even participate in workshops. The museum exhibits the historical and cultural aspects of Belarusian rural life in a lively and engaging way.

Gomel Palace & Park Ensemble

Located in the city of Gomel, this architectural complex is a prime example of late 18th-century aristocratic residence. The complex includes a palace, chapel, burial vault, winter garden, watchtower, and a park. It is a perfect place to stroll and enjoy the scenic beauty.

These attractions offer a glimpse into the diverse experiences that await in Belarus. Whether you’re exploring the ancient forests, marveling at architectural masterpieces, or stepping back in time at open-air museums, Belarus promises a wealth of unique experiences.

Experience the Culture and Cuisine of Belarus

Belarusian culture, deeply rooted in history and tradition, is a captivating blend of Slavic customs, influences from neighboring countries, and a unique Belarusian essence. This rich cultural tapestry is vibrantly reflected in the country’s festivities, arts, music, and of course, its cuisine.

Cultural Experiences

Belarusian culture is alive in its folk art, music, and traditional festivals. The local folk music, often accompanied by traditional dance, is an integral part of Belarusian identity. You might have the opportunity to witness folk performances at local events or festivals, and it is well worth your time.

Belarus is known for its rich traditions in linen production and straw weaving. The crafted items, such as linen clothes, straw toys, and other traditional handicrafts, are not only popular souvenirs but also beautiful expressions of Belarusian culture.

If you are visiting in February, don’t miss Maslenitsa, a traditional pre-Lenten festival with feasts, sleigh rides, and folk games. Kupala Night, held in June, is another fascinating celebration involving traditional rituals, singing, dancing, and a search for the mythical fern flower.

Belarusian Cuisine

Belarusian cuisine offers a flavorful journey through the country’s history and traditions. The cuisine is characterized by simple, hearty dishes often made from vegetables, berries, mushrooms, meats, and grains that are readily available in the country’s fertile lands.

A classic Belarusian dish to try is “draniki,” a type of potato pancake that is often served with sour cream or meat. “Borscht,” a beetroot soup commonly associated with Eastern European cuisine, also features prominently in Belarusian meals. Other traditional dishes include “kolduny” (meat-stuffed potato pancakes), “babka” (baked grated potato pie), and “vereshchaka” (a meat stew served with buckwheat pancakes).

Belarusians are also fond of their dairy products, and local cheeses are worth tasting. For the sweet-toothed, “zefir,” a marshmallow-like dessert, and “kommunarka,” a local chocolate, are a must-try.

Pair these meals with “krambambula,” a traditional Belarusian alcoholic beverage made from honey and spices, or “kvas,” a fermented beverage made from rye bread.

Diving into Belarusian culture and cuisine allows you to connect with the country’s rich history, understand its traditions, and appreciate the warmth and hospitality of its people. From vibrant festivals to comforting food, Belarus offers a cultural experience that lingers in the hearts of its visitors.

Practical Information for Traveling to Belarus

Planning a trip to Belarus involves several practical considerations to ensure a smooth and enjoyable journey. Here is some essential information you need to know before you embark on your Belarus adventure.


Belarusian and Russian are the two official languages in Belarus. While younger people and those working in tourism may speak some English, it’s not widely spoken, especially among the older generation. Learning a few basic phrases in Russian or Belarusian can enrich your travel experience and help you connect with locals.


The official currency is the Belarusian ruble (BYN). Credit and debit cards are widely accepted in cities and towns, but it’s a good idea to have some local currency on hand, especially when traveling in rural areas.

Belarusian ruble current exchange rates

  • 100 BYN = $30.56 or $1 = 3.27 Belarusian ruble
  • 100 BYN = €28.26 or €1 = 3.54 Belarusian ruble

Other currencies:

  • 100 BYN = 24.07 British Pounds
  • 100 BYN = 46.26 Australian Dollar
  • 100 BYN = 41.95 Canadian Dollar
  • 100 BYN = 328.49 Swedish Krona
  • 100 BYN = 120.48 Polish Zloty
  • 100 BYN = 699.02 Czech Koruna
  • 100 BYN = 41,787.09 South Korean Won
  • 100 BYN = 217.85 Chinese Yuan
  • 100 BYN = 4,795.56 Japanese Yen

Weather and Best Time to Visit

Belarus experiences a moderate continental climate, with cold winters and warm summers. The best time to visit depends on your activities. For sightseeing, the warmer months from May to September are ideal. If you’re interested in winter sports, the colder months from December to February would be suitable.

Best Time to Visit Belarus in 2024 for Cultural Events, Nature Trails, and Historical Tours: Belarus Weather Guide


Belarus has an efficient public transportation system, with extensive train and bus networks covering the country. In cities, public transport includes buses, trolleybuses, trams, and in Minsk, a metro system. Taxis and ride-sharing services are also readily available.

Health and Safety

Belarus is generally a safe country for tourists, with a low crime rate. However, as with any travel destination, it’s essential to be aware of your surroundings and keep your belongings secure.

For health considerations, it’s recommended to have comprehensive travel insurance that covers medical expenses. Also, check if you need any vaccinations before your trip.


Belarus has good internet connectivity, with widespread Wi-Fi access in cities and towns. It might be useful to get a local SIM card if you need regular internet access.

Remember, this information can change, so it’s important to research and check for updates before your trip. With these practical aspects taken care of, you can focus on experiencing the best of what Belarus has to offer.

Useful Websites

  • Belarus Official Travel Website This is the official travel portal of Belarus. It provides comprehensive information about travel and tourism, including popular attractions, travel tips, and event listings.
  • Belavia Airlines The national carrier of Belarus. This site can help you with flight bookings to and from Belarus and provides useful information on the airline’s operations.
  • Belarusian Railway The official website of the Belarusian Railway, useful for checking train schedules, booking tickets, and understanding the rail network in Belarus.
  • Minsk Guide An online guide providing information about the city of Minsk, including attractions, dining, entertainment, and accommodation.
  • A popular Belarusian news portal that has a dedicated tourism section providing updates on travel-related news in Belarus.
  • BelarusFeed An English-language website covering news and stories about Belarus, including travel and lifestyle topics.
  • TripAdvisor Belarus Forum A platform where you can find traveler reviews, tips, and discussions about traveling in Belarus.
  • Lonely Planet Belarus Provides travel information about Belarus, including top experiences, travel tips, articles, and guides.

From its thriving cities filled with history and culture to its untouched natural landscapes, the country holds an allure that’s waiting to be discovered. Experience the charm of its traditions, savor its unique cuisine, and lose yourself in its myriad attractions. With the right planning and knowledge, your trip to Belarus promises to be an unforgettable journey into the heart of this captivating nation. Discover Belarus – the unexplored paradise of Eastern Europe, where every experience is a story waiting to be told.

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