Nestled in Southeast Europe on the Balkan Peninsula, Albania boasts a diverse landscape that stretches from the sun-kissed beaches of the Adriatic and Ionian coasts to the rugged Albanian Alps. With ancient ruins like Butrint reflecting its rich Illyrian, Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman past, and UNESCO World Heritage Sites such as Gjirokastër and Berat showcasing well-preserved architecture, Albania presents a tapestry of history and culture. This largely undiscovered gem offers a blend of scenic beauty and unique heritage, waiting to be explored.
Why Visit Albania?
Unspoiled Natural Beauty
Albania is a treasure trove of natural beauty, nestled between Greece, North Macedonia, Kosovo, and Montenegro. Here, you can explore the unspoiled Albanian Alps, often referred to as the “Accursed Mountains” due to their wild and rugged terrain, offering some of Europe’s best hiking routes. If you’re a beach lover, the Albanian Riviera will captivate you with its clear turquoise waters, sandy beaches, and charming coastal villages. The country’s numerous national parks, like Theth, Llogara, and Divjake-Karavasta, are home to diverse wildlife, lush forests, and scenic trails.
Rich Historical Heritage
Albania’s rich history dates back to the Illyrians and Romans, visible in the myriad of castles, ruins, and archaeological sites scattered across the country. The UNESCO World Heritage sites of Butrint, an ancient city near Sarande, and the historic centers of Berat and Gjirokastër, are testimonies to Albania’s cultural wealth. These cities are living museums, where you can walk through narrow cobbled streets, marvel at centuries-old architecture, and gain insights into the country’s storied past.
Vibrant Culture and Warm Hospitality
Albanians are known for their warmth and hospitality, embodied in their traditional code of honor called “Besa,” which means ‘to keep the promise’. This extends to the country’s inviting folklore, music, and festivals. Immerse yourself in vibrant local traditions at cultural events like the Gjirokastër National Folklore Festival. The country’s cuisine is a delight for food lovers – from rich, slow-cooked stews to fresh Mediterranean seafood, each dish is a testament to Albania’s diverse influences and rich agricultural bounty.
Visiting Albania gives you the unique opportunity to experience an authentic, less-trodden path in Europe. The country, often overlooked by tourists, is a paradise waiting to be explored, promising a rich blend of untouched nature, captivating history, and vibrant local culture. It’s a destination that guarantees an unforgettable travel experience for adventurers, history buffs, and culture enthusiasts alike.
Top Destinations in Albania
Tirana, the vibrant capital of Albania, is a bustling city that beautifully blends modernity and tradition. With its colorful Ottoman-, Fascist-, and Soviet-era architecture, it’s a city where every corner tells a story. Don’t miss out on visiting Skanderbeg Square, the National History Museum, and the Et’hem Bey Mosque. Take a cable car ride up to Mount Dajti for a stunning panoramic view of the city. For the foodies, try the city’s thriving café and restaurant scene that offers a mix of traditional Albanian and international cuisines.
Durres, one of the oldest cities in Albania, is rich in historical and cultural attractions. The ancient Amphitheatre of Durrës, one of the largest amphitheatres in the Balkan Peninsula, offers a glimpse into the country’s Roman past. The Durres Archaeological Museum houses a vast collection of artifacts. But Durres isn’t all about history; its beautiful beaches are perfect for a leisurely day out, and the seafront promenade is full of lively restaurants and bars.
Shkoder, one of the oldest cities in Europe, is a cultural and historical treasure. Visit the mesmerizing Rozafa Castle for a journey back in time and a breathtaking view of the city. Explore the historic city center, home to ornate mosques and Catholic churches, reflecting the city’s religious diversity. Don’t miss the Marubi National Museum of Photography, showcasing Albania’s history through photographs. After a day of sightseeing, relax in one of the city’s popular coffee shops, or visit Lake Skadar for a tranquil natural retreat.
Often referred to as the ‘Gateway to the Southern Riviera’, Sarande is a must-visit for beach lovers. Its beautiful promenade is lined with palm trees and surrounded by clear blue waters. Visit the nearby Ksamil Islands for pristine beaches and turquoise waters. History buffs should not miss Butrint National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, home to the ruins of the ancient city of Butrint. And no visit to Sarande is complete without seeing the Blue Eye Spring, a stunning natural spring known for its intense blue water.
These are just a few of the many incredible places to visit in Albania. Each destination provides a unique perspective on the country’s rich history, cultural diversity, and stunning landscapes. Whether you’re looking for city life, historical exploration, or a beach getaway, Albania has it all.
Travel Tips for Albania
Best Time to Visit Albania
Albania experiences a Mediterranean climate on its coast and a continental climate in the interior. The best time to visit largely depends on what you want to do. For beach holidays and coastal exploration, the months from June to September are ideal as the weather is warm and sunny. For hiking and exploring the mountainous regions, the cooler months of May, June, September, and October are preferred. Keep in mind that July and August are the peak tourist months, and the coastal areas can get quite crowded.
Albania Travel Itinerary Suggestions
How long you stay in Albania depends on what you want to see and do. A week is enough to explore the highlights of Tirana, Durres, and a couple of days relaxing on the Riviera. If you have more time, you can delve deeper into the historical cities of Berat and Gjirokastër, and spend some time hiking in the stunning Albanian Alps.
Albanian Cuisine – What to Eat
Albanian cuisine is a flavorful mix of Greek, Turkish, and Italian influences. Don’t miss trying traditional dishes such as Tavë Kosi (baked lamb with rice and yoghurt), Byrek (a flaky pie filled with cheese, spinach or meat), and Fërgesë (a rich dish made from peppers, tomatoes, and cottage cheese). Seafood is a staple in the coastal areas, while the interior offers a variety of meat dishes. Don’t forget to pair your meals with Rakia, a local fruit brandy, or try the wide variety of Albanian wines.
Getting Around in Albania
While Albania’s public transportation system is quite affordable, it may not always be the most comfortable or reliable. Buses and furgons (minibuses) are the primary modes of intercity transport. For more freedom and flexibility, consider renting a car. However, do keep in mind that driving standards can differ from what you’re used to, and some rural areas may have challenging road conditions. Taxis are relatively cheap and can be a convenient way to get around cities. Biking is also popular, particularly in coastal towns.
Traveling in Albania provides a unique opportunity to discover a rich, diverse, and relatively untapped part of Europe. With these tips, you’ll be well prepared for your Albanian adventure.
Practical Information for Traveling in Albania
Albania has a liberal visa policy, making it accessible for many travelers. Citizens of the EU, the Schengen countries, the UK, the US, Canada, Australia, and several other countries can enter Albania without a visa for up to 90 days within 180 days. However, the requirements can change, so it’s always a good idea to check with the nearest Albanian embassy or consulate before your trip.
Safety in Albania
Albania is generally a safe country for travelers. Like any travel destination, it’s important to maintain general precautions, especially in crowded tourist areas where pickpocketing can occur. In terms of health safety, tap water is generally safe to drink in cities, but bottled water is recommended in rural areas. Albania is not a common destination for diseases like malaria or Zika, but standard vaccines like Hepatitis A and B, and rabies are recommended.
Language and Currency
The official language of Albania is Albanian, and while the younger generation usually speaks English, particularly in tourist areas, it’s not commonly spoken among the older generation. You may also find people who speak Italian, Greek, or French. Learning a few basic phrases in Albanian could enhance your travel experience.
The official currency is the Albanian Lek (ALL). Credit cards are widely accepted in cities and major tourist areas, but it’s always a good idea to have some cash, especially for smaller establishments or in rural areas. ATMs are widely available in urban areas.
Albanian Lek’s current exchange rates
- 100 ALL = $1.08 or $1 = 92.95 Albanian Lek
- 100 ALL = €0.99 or €1 = 101.19 Albanian Lek
- 100 ALL = 0.85 British Pounds
- 100 ALL = 1.61 Australian Dollars
- 100 ALL = 1.45 Canadian Dollar
- 100 ALL = 11.22 Swedish Krona
- 100 ALL = 4.28 Polish Zloty
- 100 ALL = 24.00 Czech Koruna
- 100 ALL = 1,392.14 South Korean Won
- 100 ALL = 3.95 Chinese Yuan
- 100 ALL = 157.96 Japanese Yen
Remember, these are just guidelines and it’s always best to do thorough research or contact relevant official sources to get the most up-to-date information before you travel. With these tips, you can make your Albanian adventure comfortable, safe, and truly enjoyable.
Cheap flights to Albania
- Visit Albania – The Official Tourism Website of Albania. A comprehensive resource for everything related to travel in Albania, including destinations, attractions, accommodations, travel tips, and more.
- TripAdvisor – Albania. Offers user reviews of hotels, attractions, and restaurants, and also has a travel forum where you can ask questions and get tips from other travelers.
- Lonely Planet – Albania. Provides detailed information about Albania, including attractions, accommodations, travel tips, and maps.
- Rough Guides – Albania. Offers a range of information on what to see and do in Albania, where to stay, and how to get there.
- Wikitravel – Albania. A user-contributed travel guide with information on places to go, things to do, ways to get in, and more.
- Albanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Official website with important information about visa regulations and travel advisories.
Albania is a fascinating destination that combines breathtaking natural beauty, rich history, and vibrant culture in one compelling package. From the pristine beaches of the Albanian Riviera to the dramatic landscapes of the Albanian Alps, nature lovers will be in paradise. History enthusiasts can lose themselves in ancient Illyrian ruins, UNESCO World Heritage Sites, and vibrant cities that narrate stories from their Roman, Ottoman, and communist pasts. The country’s culture is a unique blend of European and Mediterranean influences, reflected in its delicious cuisine, lively festivals, and the heart-warming hospitality of its people. Undoubtedly, Albania, with its lesser-known charms and treasures, should be on every traveler’s bucket list. It offers an authentic, off-the-beaten-path experience in a continent that’s otherwise well-explored. So, why wait? Make Albania your next great adventure!